The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972 Page: 305
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United States and De la Huerta Revolution
By May, 1923, Mexico's diplomatic situation vis i vis the United
States necessitated settlement. The Bucareli Conferences that ulti-
mately led to United States recognition of Mexico resulted in two
treaties, a general-claims convention and a special-claims convention.
In addition, unofficial agreements between Obreg6n and the United
States, backed by Mexican judicial precedent and Article 14 of the
Constitution of 1917, provided specific guarantees for petroleum in-
terests in Mexico. The point of contention was the retroactivity of
Article 27. Article 14 specifically prohibited retroactivity of any
constitutional article or statute, and in August, 1922, the Mexican
Supreme Court handed down its first decision on this subject, ruling
that all titles legitimately acquired before the promulgation of the
1917 Constitution were not subject to nationalization provided that
positive acts of exploitation had been performed on the lands in
question. With this problem settled, in early September, 1923, Mexico
and the United States resumed diplomatic relations and laid the
groundwork for future aid to Obreg6n when De la Huerta revolted
in December, 1923.
De la Huerta emerged as the most adamant opponent to the
Bucareli Conferences. He feared that Mexico would sacrifice her
sovereignty should Obreg6n make excessive concessions to United
States demands before recognition was extended. Ironically, De la
Huerta, more than anyone else in the Obreg6n cabinet, was po-
litically and economically conservative. Yet, he became the principal
spokesman for extreme Mexican nationalism. Political conditions in
1923 in Mexico became more tense as factions jockeyed for position
in the presidential election of the following year. De la Huerta
broke with Obreg6n because the latter used high-handed tactics in
dealing with political opponents.'
Even before De la Huerta broke with Obreg6n and Calles, a
8Generally Dulles, Yesterday in Mexico, passim, provides an excellent survey of this
period. It can, however, be supplemented by Stuart A. MacCorkle, American Policy of
Recognition towards Mexico (Baltimore, 1933), 93-loo. Obreg6n was inundated with
congratulations when relations with the United States were resumed. For examples of
these accolades see "Papeles de la Secretaria de la Presidencia," Legajo 1o4-E-61, Archivo
General de la Naci6n, Mexico City.
'For the domestic as well as the diplomatic background of the De la Huerta rebellion
see Adolfo de la Huerta, Memorias de don Adolfo de la Huerta segin su propio
dictado, edited by Roberto Guzmin Esparza (Mexico City, 1957); Jorge Vera Estafiol,
La Revolucidn mexicana: origenes y resultados (Mexico City, 1957); Miguel Alessio
Robles, Historia politica de la Revolucidn (Mexico City, 1946); Alonso Capetillo, La
rebelidn sin cabeza (Gdnesis y desarrollo del movimiento delahuertista) (Mexico City,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972, periodical, 1972; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101201/m1/317/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.