The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972 Page: 338
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
largest land grants, "furnished arms and provisions for the war
against the Utes.""8
As previously indicated, Mexicans were not anxious to have for-
eigners settling in their midst. But by the 184o's the crisis in New
Mexico was expressed in a general fractiousness born of economic
desperation and apprehension about the future. In such a climate,
with some factions sympathetic to a change of government," grant-
ing land to foreigners seemed militarily appropriate and economically
advisable. The new land policy indicated the degree to which New
Mexico had become isolated from the rest of Mexico and unwittingly
entangled in the thrust of Manifest Destiny.
In the early 182o's, New Mexico was patriotic, optimistic toward
its future as part of the new Mexican Republic, and confident that
the incipient Anglo-American penetration would resolve the many
economic problems which had plagued it since colonial times. By
the 184o's, Armijo's department was obviously suffering deleterious
effects from twenty years of unmitigated Indian hostility, financial
and military neglect by the central government, and threat of inva-
sion from norteamericanos, Texans, and Indians. Whereas many
Mexicans anticipated good relations with the United States during
the early years of independence, this assumption disappeared rapidly
in the wake of the Fredonian Rebellion. From then until the Mexican
War, relations between the two countries deteriorated in a series
of incidents and retaliatory restrictions which caused each side to
think the worst of the other. Ultimately, Anglo-American persistence
successfully eroded the tenuous connection between Mexico's northern
frontier and the central government, and in so doing it left a legacy
of bitterness which has since been intensified in the southwestern
88Minge, "Frontier Problems," 274-275.
s8Armijo made enemies during his tenure as governor. As testified by attempts on
his life, he had political rivals who were anxious to replace him. In Taos, the priest JosO
Antonio Martinez led a group that opposed Armijo's land-grant policy. In Santa Fe,
Manuel Antonio ChAvez and Diego Archuleta held grudges, the latter precipitating the
Taos Rebellion when he realized that Armijo had lied to him. Some of the Pueblo
Indians were also dissatisfied with Armijo's administration. See Lewis H. Garrard,
Wah-to-yah, and the Taos Trail (Norman, 1962), 117, 185; Hubert Howe Bancroft,
History of Arizona and New Mexico, 153o-1888 (reprint; Albuquerque, 1962), 429-432;
Alvarez, Memorial to Webster, February 2, 1842; Marc Simmons, Yesterday in Santa Fe
(Santa Fe, 1969), 58-63.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972, periodical, 1972; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101201/m1/350/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.