The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973 Page: 296
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296 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
basically motivated by selfish and individualistic concerns and, there-
fore, cannot function effectively in a communalistic environment.52
While this interpretation might have some validity, it is not applicable
to Considerant's experiment. Other factors-factors not related to the
communal structure-caused the collapse of La Reunion. A close evalu-
ation of previous utopian experiments indicates that the validity of the
concept of association and cooperation through some type of communal
structure has yet to be disproved.
52 For a detailed discussion of utopian socialist experiments in the United States during
the nineteenth century, see Arthur Eugene Bestor, Jr., Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian
and Owenite Phases of Communitarian Socialism in America: 1663-1829 (Philadelphia,
1950) ; and Charles Nordhoff, The Communistic Societies of the United States (New York,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973, periodical, 1973; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101202/m1/338/: accessed March 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.