The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973 Page: 316
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
In many cases the responsible officer commented on the nativity, oc-
cupation, or particular qualities of the men listed. Details were given on
their former Federal or Confederate service, exile, known political con-
nections, and race. "Good man," "union man," "lover of the old flag,"
and similar terms were used to single out particularly eligible loyalists.
Warning was given in a few rare instances that Federal service was not
necessarily a true test of reliability. One former Union soldier, for ex-
ample, was denounced as a traitor for displaying "Robt. E. Lee's portrait
in his Store to catch customers."
This register of April, 1867, when compared with removal and ap-
pointment orders in 1867 and registration board selections of 1869, of-
fers opportunities for fruitful local research. Unionists of various mo-
tivation have been well identified on the level of state politics, but at
the county echelon much remains to be done before patterns emerge
for evaluating the complex relationships between the military, refugees,
foreign born, native Texas Unionists, freedmen, and opportunistic ex-
From October 28 to November 18, 1867, six special orders were pub-
lished to certify the removal and replacement of local civil officers; 540
names appear in these documents.5 Assuming that those persons whose
names appear consistently in these sources as well as in the membership
of the Twelfth Legislature constituted a core of Republican sentiment,
the following individuals-who meet that condition-are prime sub-
jects for biographical studies which may illuminate the dynamics of
Unionist, military, Negro, and Republican affiliations during congres-
These ioo Unionists-extracted by cross-checking some 1,700 individ-
uals-do not represent a definitive list of even the leadership of the lo-
cal political element." Their names do represent loyalists residing in
(October, 1964), 172-195, and Robert W. Shook, "The Battle of the Nueces, August 1o,
1862," ibid., LXVI (July, 1962), 31-42. Terry G. Jordan, German Seed in Texas Soil: Immi-
grant Farmers in Nineteenth-Century Texas (Austin, 1966), 182-185, makes a case for mini
4 Registration Book "A," 1-93. The reference to Lee's portrait appears on 14.
5 Special Orders: 192 (October 28, 1867); 193 (November 1, 1867); 197 (November 4,
1867) ; 198 (November 5, 1867) ; 199 (November 7, 1867) ; 20o6 (November 18, 1867), Letters
Received by the Office of the Adjutant General (Microcopy 619, National Archives, Wash-
6 The election board chairmen and members number 375. Sixty-three of the chairmen
were military officers, 62 were civilians; 35 of the 375 appear on the initial survey of April,
1867; 17 appear in special orders as appointees; 7 are found among the membership of the
Twelfth Legislature. General Orders No. 179, Headquarters Fifth Military District, Austin,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973, periodical, 1973; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101202/m1/358/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.