The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973 Page: 417
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The Freedmen's Bureau Schools in Texas
tion, to give to the subject of education the attention which its importance
demands .... Even for the white children no adequate provision is made.62
While Superintendent Stevenson's evaluation of the work of the
Freedmen's Bureau Schools in Texas may have been overstated, it can
hardly be termed inaccurate. Upon its entrance into Texas in 1865 the
Bureau found a chaotic situation with respect to Negro education, but
by 1870, it had, to a considerable degree, brought order out of chaos. It
reduced Negro illiteracy considerably and increased Negro school at-
tendance from 11 in 186o to 5,122 ten years later, and while this might
not appear striking today, at the time it was revolutionary.
Historians have taken varying views, largely dependent upon wheth-
er the writers were white or black, northerners or southerners, "re-
deemers" or "revisionists," on the work of the Freedmen's Bureau and
its southern schools. A fair examination of the Texas record indicates
that the Bureau performed a great service to education, and paved the
way for a smooth transition to state-supported schools for the Negro
62 "Report of the Secretary of War," House Executive Documents, 41st Cong., 3d Sess.
(Serial 1446), Doc. No. 1, Part 2, p. 317.
63 Brown, "Lyman Abbott and Freedmen's Aid, 1865-1869," pp. 36-37; Elliott, "The
Freedmen's Bureau in Texas," 24.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973, periodical, 1973; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101202/m1/473/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.