The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976 Page: 278
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
operations than either government or labor. There were differences however
between the automobile industry, where there had been little or no trade
association activity prior to i933, the cotton textile industry, where there
was a trade association, the Cotton Textile Institute, which sometimes acted
somewhat independently of manufacturers in its own industry, and the
southern pine industry, where the Southern Pine Association served as a
service organization and seldom opposed the ideas of the large firms in the
industry. The Cotton Textile Institute as the heart of the Code Authority
had become, in effect, a policy-making body for its industry. In the wake
of the code's demise it fell back into the role of being primarily a service
agency for its members. The Southern Pine Association had never really
gone beyond this function, even during its Code Authority period, and
thus its institutional image and functions did not change so drastically
with the end of the N.R.A.53
One student of the New Deal's attitudes and policies toward monopoly
argues that in highly competitive industries the absence of governmental
enforcement led to the breakdown of the N.R.A. codes and says that the
problem was particulary acute in industries that had many units producing
unstandardized products with easy access into the industry. Problems be-
tween industry factions and with competing substitute materials or products
complicated such situations. This student cites the lumber industry as an
"excellent" example of this situation. The experiences of southern pine
producers under the Blue Eagle strongly support his arguments.54
There were in all 557 basic codes approved during the N.R.A. era, and
the lumber code was not representative of all of these. However, it does
demonstrate one example of the N.R.A. experience and when compared
with the activities of other industries the southern pine story will provide
students with a means of assessing the agency's over-all performance.
53Galambos, Competition & Cooperation, 226-256, 268-279, 283-295.
54Hawley, New Deal, 114, I15 (quotation). For information on the specifics of the
lumber situation see Stone et al. NRA Work Materials 79, pp. o3-10o; Saul Nelson,
NRA Work Materials 56 (Minimum Price Regulation under Codes of Fair Competition)
([Washington, D.C.], 1936), 49-54, 56; Herbert F. Taggert, Minimum Prices under
the NRA (Ann Arbor, 1936), 52-54; Dixon et al., "Code of Fair Competition," 229-
231, 260; C. A. Pearce, NRA Trade Practice Programs (New York, 1939), 96-98;
Business Week (December 29, I934), 12; and U.S., Senate, Committee on Finance,
Investigation of the National Recovery Administration (Washington, D.C., 1935), 892-
893. CIA, "National Recovery Administration," 70-77, also presents a rather unfavorable
assessment of NRA compliance efforts.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976, periodical, 1975/1976; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101203/m1/323/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.