The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977 Page: 122

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

explain the man and his philosophy, considerable space is devoted to stories
of Teagle the hunter, fisherman, conservationist, and card player.
Based upon Teagle's memoirs, a manuscript biography written by Gibb
almost two decades ago, and the Standard Oil files of the Business History
Foundation Collection, this unfootnoted study is wholly laudatory. Virtual-
ly all of Teagle's major decisions proved to be wise and productive; he
stood in the forefront of those who favored conservation and orderly
marketing of petroleum. Loyal to his friends, devoted to his wife and family,
and benefactor to college students at Cornell University and elsewhere,
Teagle is portrayed as a nearly perfect practitioner of Andrew Carnegie's
"Gospel of Wealth."
While mainly an analysis of Teagle's reign at Standard, this book will
give students of the petroleum industry in the Southwest considerable in-
sight into the growth of Humble, Gulf, and other regional firms. They will
not discover a critique of either Teagle or Standard Oil Company of New
Jersey (now the Exxon Corporation).
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee KEITH L. BRYANT, JR.
Water and the West. By Norris Hundley, Jr. (Berkeley: University of Cali-
fornia Press, 1975. Pp. vii+395. Maps, bibliography, index. $20.)
The most valuable resource of the Southwest is, of course, water. Indeed,
the utilization of other resources by farming and mining is directly related
to water. In order to understand the important relationship between water
utilization and politics, historians of natural resource usage should approach
the subject through a wide array of scientific, political, legal, and even
social and cultural sources. With that kind of broad approach, Norris
Hundley has written a history of the making and aftermath of the Colorado
River Compact of 1922.
Agitation for the compact originated with such diverse yet complement-
ary elements as the settlers of the Imperial Valley of Southern California
who wanted an All-American Canal to replace the earlier, undependable
canal which snaked through Mexico to reach their fields, and Arthur
Powell Davis, director of the Reclamation Service and nephew of John
Wesley Powell, who wanted to use the opportunity for the federal reclama-
tion project on the lower Colorado River.
Although the Compact was signed in 1922 by representatives of the six
states involved, it was not finally ratified by all the state governments until
1929. That year the federal government became directly involved through
passage of the Boulder Canyon Act providing for the construction of that


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977, periodical, 1976/1977; Austin, Texas. ( accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.