The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977 Page: 448

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

text manages to present an excellent portrait of the artist and the early
cultural life of Fredericksburg, New Braunfels, and San Antonio.
-To those of us interested in the early artistic development in Texas a
familiar cast of characters developes and seem more like friends than vague
historical personages. The interrelationship of the Germanic communities
and their cooperative efforts to civilize the frontier create a different pic-
ture than the thousands of bad westerns and brings us closer to the truth.
Carl von Iwonski in his few genre pictures and portraits adds much to
our pleasure and knowledge.
This book is attractively presented and illustrated. The production is
excellent. It would be interesting to see what McGuire and his publish-
ers could do with a book on Hermann Lungkwitz and Richard Petri.
Then the major Texas-German artists would be covered.
Dallas Museum of Fine Arts BARNEY C. DELABANO
A Night of Violence: The Houston Riot of 1917. By Robert V. Haynes.
(Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1976. Pp. xi+ 338.
Preface, essay on sources, index. $12.95.)
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries violence fre-
quently marred relations between black and white Americans. Most in-
stances of interracial violence followed a pattern in which whites attacked
blacks with little fear of retaliation. In July, 1917, for example, crowds of
whites in East St. Louis, Illinois, invaded Negro residential areas, killing
at least forty blacks and destroying thousands of dollars worth of prop-
erty. The next month a riot occurred in Houston, Texas, that significantly
departed from that pattern. At that time a battalion of black soldiers from
the Twenty-fourth United States Infantry was stationed in Houston for
the purpose of guarding Fort Logan. Since their arrival the previous month,
the soldiers had been subjected to a great deal of abuse by white Hous-
tonians. Trouble reached the breaking point on August 23, when white
policemen beat two black soldiers, and a false report spread among the
troops that one of the victims had died. In response, between seventy-five
and a hundred soldiers mutinied and marched into Houston in the hopes
of inflicting vengeance upon the police. During the march the soldiers
killed sixteen whites. The Houston Riot, the first in American history to
result in the deaths of more whites than blacks, served in some ways as a
prelude to the violent summer of i919, when outbreaks of interracial vio-
lence erupted across the country. By then many blacks were no longer will-
ing to remain passive when attacked by whites, but retaliated in kind.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977, periodical, 1976/1977; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101204/m1/502/ocr/: accessed July 24, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.