The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977 Page: 452
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
actually the case in the 1970s. More than half of the Native American
population of the United States does not live on reservations, but is to
be found in towns, villages, and urban areas of the country. This is es-
pecially true of the population in Texas, where the inhabitants of the two
reservations-in Livingston and El Paso-account for perhaps less than
20 percent of the total Indian population of the state.
With a growing awareness of and emphasis on ethnic identity in the
United States has come a concomitant increase in awareness on the part
of American Indians. This has caused both a growth in pan-Indian
awareness and in specific tribal identity.
In 1879 the Bureau of American Ethnology was created. Until it was
amalgamated into the Smithsonian Institution in 1965, it was intended
to collect, record, and document the history and culture of Indian tribes,
particularly those in the United States. The Bureau of American Ethnol-
ogy publications were extensive and thorough. They represent a fine
collection of materials concerning a vast array of tribal activities and
geographical locations. Both of the publications considered here originally
appeared as part of the Bureau of American Ethnology publications. Since
the original items are not easily accessible, it has been decided to create
a native American library in order to make both new data and old re-
ports from the Bureau of American Ethnology more accessible to all con-
cerned. The governing bodies of Native American groups initiate requests
for reprinting items from the old B.A.E. series. In this way, anthropolo-
gists and historians are serving a real purpose in aiding Indian groups. The
national anthropological archives of the Smithsonian Institution are to be
commended for their efforts.
Richard Mac Bettis says in his introduction to the Royce volume that,
whereas Mooney's work was about "people," Royce's deals with "places
and things" (p. xi). Together, the two volumes form an attractive, com-
Royce gives a dispassionate account of the treaties made between the
United States and the Cherokee from 1785-1868. For each, he gives both
the material provisions and the historical data. The fact that he does no
more than to simply state, as best he can, the conditions of the treaty and
its inevitable alteration in some manner by the United States government
makes it all the more powerful. This seems to be a very carefully written,
although by no means pedantic, report. It once again forcefully points
out the long and unbroken history of misunderstanding when Native
Americans (in this case, Cherokee) made any kind of agreement with
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977, periodical, 1976/1977; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101204/m1/506/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.