The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977 Page: 454

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provided the essential outlines of the experiment. Both are superceded
by Thompson's study which should serve as the standard source for the
future. Not only has Thompson conveniently summarized the contribu-
tions of these earlier studies but, by diligent research into the original re-
cords in the National Archives, he has reconstructed the details of the
Bosque Redondo enterprise on an almost daily basis, thereby creating the
definitive account of this important event in Navajo history.
For the Navajos, despite the travail entailed in the removal from their
homes and the suffering which they endured during their years on the
reservation, the experiment was, in retrospect, a fortunate one. Having
demonstrated, despite good will and hard work, that they could not survive
at the Bosque Redondo without massive government subsidies, the tribe
was permitted to return home in 1868 and thereafter was encouraged to
engage in peaceful pastoral pursuits. Although no direct link has been
made between the Navajo experience and the reservation policy which
emerged in the immediate post-Civil War era, few tribes were forced to
remove physically from their native environments after the failure of
Carleton's experiment, and, despite pressure from the army, military su-
pervision of Indian reservations was never again permitted.
Navajo history has been extensively explored in recent years. Frank
McNitt's magisterial Navajo Wars (1972) provides the basic work on
Navajo history to 1860. My own books on Kit Carson's expedition against
the Navajos, 1861-1865 and the Navajo role in the development of fed-
eral Indian policy from 1918-1935, together with Donald L. Parman's,
The Navajos and the New Deal (1976) and now Thompson's book on
the Bosque Redondo provide the detailed, primary-source investigation
which makes the Navajos one of the most intensively researched tribes
in the country. The task remaining is an exploration of the voluminous
records for the period 1868-1918.
North Texas State University LAWRENCE C. KELLY
Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West. By
Marvin E. Kroeker. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976.
Pp. xv + 216. Photographs, maps, bibliography, index. $9.95.)
The army career of William Babcock Hazen was marked by successful
leadership in diverse assignments, controversies with army officials and
politicians relating to his official actions, and a conscientious dedication to
high ideals. In this well researched volume, Marvin E. Kroeker portrays
Hazen, whose career spanned the years 1855 to 1887, as a brave and

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977, periodical, 1976/1977; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101204/m1/508/ocr/: accessed August 30, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.