The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978 Page: 358

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

ranches which were founded in 1882. These West Texas ranches were
and still are widely known for their range improvement programs and
upgrading of cattle. Following the death of S. M. Swenson in 1896, his
sons Eric and Albin continued to operate the ranches from their New
York offices. The Swenson Brothers, as they became known, also pio-
neered the Texas sulphur industry along the Gulf coast.
According to the author, the main sources of the Swenson history,
other than interviews with members of the Swenson family, include the
S. M. Swenson Papers, the Andrew John Swenson Papers, the Swenson
Land and Cattle Company Papers, and the William Pierson Papers.
Photographs and biographical sketches of outstanding managers and
foremen of the SMS ranches add interest to this volume. It is a valuable
contribution to the literature of ranching in West Texas.
San Angelo, Texas ESCAL F. DUKE
The Chicano Worker. By Vernon M. Briggs, Jr., Walter Fogel, and
Fred H. Schmidt. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1977. Pp.
xv+ 129. Tables, bibliography, index. $9.50.)
Few books have been devoted exclusively to the economic side of
Mexican-American life. As the most recent of them, this well-written
and informative little book deserves serious attention. It presents a pro-
file of Chicano workers which focuses on such matters as earnings, em-
ployment patterns, unemployment, and underemployment.
This book relies extensively on data from the 1970 census. Therein
lies its most distinctive contribution because the scholarly literature on
Chicano economic life has neither made much use of these data nor
dealt seriously with important changes which they reflect. By using cen-
sus data and scholarly studies, the authors are able to identify a host of
these changes as well as to demonstrate the existence of considerable
continuity.
This book addresses itself not only to the absolute economic status of
Chicanos but also to their relative position in American society. Fre-
quent comparisons are made between Chicanos and Anglos as well as
Chicanos and blacks. The authors also devote some special attention to
the economic status of Chicanas.
The picture of Mexican-Americans that emerges is one of economic
progress mixed with continuing serious disadvantages. The authors sug-
gest explanations for both. In explaining disadvantages, they focus on
the massive influx of Mexican labor into the United States, dating from

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978, periodical, 1977/1978; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101205/m1/398/ocr/: accessed September 26, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.