The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 82, July 1978 - April, 1979 Page: 266
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
sions along the San Antonio River were having. Also, during 1736-1737
a Canary Islander, Carlos Benites Franquis de Lugo served as interim
governor. He was hard on the missions and forced Indians of the mis-
sions to work for him for a while. The Canary Island settlers, frus-
trated by their lack of success and having a welcome ear with Governor
Franquis de Lugo seized the opportunity to complain and grumble when
the missionaries refused to allow mission Indians to work on their farms.
Franquis was supported by Reverend Bachiller Juan Recio de Le6n, the
parish priest of San Fernando, 1734-1743.3
In 1739 two Canary Islander attorney members of the cabildo of San
Fernando, Vicente Alvarez Travieso4 and Juan Leal Alvarez,5 were sent
by the cabildo to Mexico City. There they were to seek the approval of
Viceroy Archbishop Juan Antonio de Vizarr6n y Equirreta (1734-1740)
to hire Indians to work on the settlers' farms at Villa San Fernando.
By misrepresenting the situation and making false charges against the
missionaries of the San Antonio missions, the two attorneys were success-
ful in obtaining an order from Viceroy Archbishop Vizarr6n. The order
found fault with the missions and directed that the missionaries allow
the settlers of Villa San Fernando to hire mission Indians for work on
the settlers' farms. Heretofore historians have thought that the two
agents of the Canary Islanders who went to Mexico City were unsuc-
cessful. But the agents were successful in 1739 (not 1740 as many
historians, including Carlos Castafieda, claim).6 This is proven by three
3Missions Purisima Concepci6n, San Juan Capistrano, and San Francisco de la Espada
had been moved from eastern Texas to the San Antonio River in 1731. Libro de Casa-
mientos de Esta Msidn de la Puristma Concepcidn de Aculia (Archives of the Archdiocese
of San Antonio, Chancery Office, San Antonio, Texas); Castafieda, Our Catholic Heritage,
III, 49-65, 91, 103.
4Vicente Alvarez Travieso, born in 1705, came independently from the Canaries to Mexico
in 1730, but joined the group of Islanders bound for B6xar while they were at Cuatitlin,
near Mexico City. He married eighteen-year-old Maria Anna Curbelo, a member of the
1731 group of Islanders. They had nine children. Alvarez Travieso was chosen to be alquacil
mayor (sheriff) of the Villa San Fernando in 1731. He served as fifth regidor in 1738; and he
was selected to collect and oversee the funds for a new parish church. His second trip to
Mexico City in 1748 had to do with these funds Castafieda, Our Catholic Heritage, II, 287,
293, 308; III, 95, 99-1o01; Frederick C. Chabot, With the Makers of San Antonio (San An-
tonio, 1937), 163, 164, 167.
5Juan Leal Alvarez (or Juan Leal, Jr.) was born in 1700 on Lancerote Island, the oldest
son of Juan Leal Goraz. Juan Leal, Jr., married Gracia Acosta and they had five sons and
one daughter. Juan Leal, Jr, was appointed sixth regidor in 1731, and in 1738 he became
fourth regidor of Villa San Fernando. In 1742 he gave up his office as regidor and moved
with his family to the Presidio of Santa Rosa, an important base of supplies for the colon-
ists in Coahuila, north of Monclova. Castafieda, Our Catholic Heritage, II 285, 308; III,
95; Chabot, With the Makers of San Antonio, 149.
GCastafieda, Our Catholic Heritage, III, 103. Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 82, July 1978 - April, 1979, periodical, 1978/1979; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101206/m1/318/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.