The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980 Page: 196
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the requisite conditions for its application; patriotic public service ver-
sus unconditional political loyalty; republican institutions and popular
participation versus a politically inert mass; electoral freedom versus
compromised elections; and constitutional freedoms versus extraordi-
nary faculties. The end result was that governments, as had always been
the case in Mexico, did not live by the rules they proclaimed and in so
doing gave the opposition a constitutional argument on which to base
The concept is not new, but there is a richness of detail in the sup-
porting evidence drawn from the attacks on federalism in four states and
from the evidences of liberal division and factionalism in congressional
voting patterns. It is the author's contention that more important than
the ambition and personalist appeal of Diaz was the alienation of indi-
viduals and groups by the political machines of JuArez and Lerdo. These
elements turned to insurrection for redress and looked to Diaz for po-
litical leadership. The second part of the volume traces the military-
political campaign of Diaz, stressing the guerrilla nature of the struggle.
What is described is characteristic of the Mexican situation throughout
the nineteenth century and into the early years of this one: federal
troops concentrated in city garrisons while the rebels in the countryside
avoid direct confrontation with the risk of definitive defeat.
Perry asserts that the Restored Republic had little republicanism to
sacrifice. There are those who would contend that by focusing almost
exclusively on the political and military aspects of the Restored Repub-
lic, the author has missed the positive features of the Restored Republic
as enumerated by Cosio Villegas: moral quality of the leaders, indepen-
dence of the representative institutions, and the vigor of the free press.
This is not to deny that this period was the antecedent of the Porfiriato
or that there was historical continuity between the two. Most scholars
would concede that Juirez and Lerdo had to rule in an authoritarian
manner-Perry remarks that they "thought" that they had to-in order
to survive. The author's detailed evidence suggests that this was indeed
the case. And one cannot overlook the fact that, despite opposition and
uprisings, alone of Mexican rulers to that time, Juarez and Lerdo suc-
ceeded in serving out their constitutionally designated periods. While
Perry offers substantial evidence to support his view that the dissolution
of liberal wartime alliances and the impossibility of reconciling theory
and practice explain the emergence of an opposition, the downplaying
of Diaz's personal ambition is less persuasive. After all, where would the
opposition have gone without Diaz and his impatience to achieve power?
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980, periodical, 1979/1980; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101207/m1/228/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.