The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980 Page: 199
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In a more moderate vein is the essay by Roberto R. Bacalski-Martinez.
He writes: "A characteristic of Chicano culture in the American South-
west is that it is incredibly ancient, on the one hand, and surprisingly
new on the other. Indian, Spanish, and Anglo elements have gone into
its formation, and they continue to affect it" (p. 19). Bacalski-Martinez
surveys Mexican American culture: religion, art, literature, and theater.
During the 195o's and 196o's an emergence of Chicano culture became evi-
dent throughout the Southwest. The reflowering has assumed the propor-
tions of a true burgeoning of Mexican-American culture. It represents in
part a reaffirmation of Mexican cultural values as a result of the effort of
young Chicano militants who helped in making the Mexican-American more
aware of himself, his identity as a Mexican-American, of the aspirations that
we share with the other ethnic groups that together make up an important
part of the American people (p. 35).
The collection goes on to survey studies of Mexican American self-
image: two essays on women in the Mexican American community;
others on the politics of Mexican Americans' bilingualism and bicul-
turalism, Spanish language in the Southwest, bilingual and bicultural
education, Chicano books in libraries, and Chicano self-perception with-
in Chicano literature. Arnulfo Trejo, the editor, in his introduction
says: "I am a Chicano." In so doing he gives to the collection a particular
slant, seen from a particular ideological point of view. He continues:
Chicano is the name which has been selected by those initially involved in
the Chicano Movement to describe our people in the process of change. The
same way that the term Chicano is a derivative of Mexicano (which in turn
originates from mexica, the name given to the Aztecs) we likewise are de-
scendants of the people of Mexico. . . . Chicano is the only term that was
especially selected by us, for us. It symbolically captured the historical past
and signals a brighter future for the people of Aztlan (p. xvii).
In some respects the espousal of the term "chicano" implies ideologi-
cal parameters. It seems that Trejo and his collaborators are attempting
to present both an assimilationist and a cultural nationalistic position,
and the two are mutually exclusive. Trejo writes:
The rebellion of these different "Americans," particularly in the years of the
Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's and also in the 1970's, however, has
given Americanism a much broader meaning that is more in conformity with
the ideals of a democracy. As Chicanos we advocate a pluralistic philosophy
which acknowledges that this country, made up of people from the world
over, unites different peoples of different principles but all directed toward
the pursuit of those inalienable rights which the Constitution of the United
States guarantees its citizenry (pp. xvii-xviii).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980, periodical, 1979/1980; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101207/m1/231/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.