The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980 Page: 326
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of Las Vacas, today Ciudad Acufia.2 The Magonista efforts were an exer-
cise in futility, but they did capture the attention of both the Mexican
and United States intelligence services. Because the authorities were
concentrating on surveillance of the Magonistas, they were slow to react
to the emergence in 191o of a new Mexican exile faction, based in San
Antonio.3 The leader of this faction, Francisco I. Madero, was the rebel
who succeeded in overthrowing Diaz.
Madero's attempt to defeat Diaz in the g191 o presidential election
having been thwarted, he fled to San Antonio in October and from there
organized a rebellion against the dictator.4 Madero's revolution, which
broke out in November, 1910o, swept Diaz into exile by June, 1911, and
Madero into the presidency in October. Most importantly, Madero had
set in motion the first great social revolution of the twentieth century,
one that would convulse Mexico for more than a decade.
During the period 1910-1920, the Mexican Revolution had a signifi-
cant impact on Texas, not merely in terms of clashes along the Rio
Grande, but also because cities such as El Paso, Laredo, Brownsville,
and San Antonio were major centers of intrigue by rival Mexican fac-
tions. Furthermore, the Mexican-American population, and many An-
glos for that matter, became caught up in the struggle raging in Mexico.
Yet the Revolution's effect on Texas has barely been studied, and most
2For the El Paso conspiracy see U.S. v. Leocardzo [sic] B. Trevino et al., U.S. Commis-
sioner, El Paso, no. 83, and District Court, El Paso, no. 1359 (FRC-FW). Also see District
Court, El Paso, no. 1361, and U.S. Commissioner, El Paso, nos. 88, 1oo, 117, 156, ibid. Ad-
ditional information is available in Numerical and Minor Files of the Department of State
(NA), Microcopy M-862, file nos. 5026 and 5028, roll 429. For the attack on Las Vacas see
U.S. v. Calaxto Guerra et al., District Court, Del Rio, no. 20 (FRC-FW). See also District
Court, Del Rio, nos. 15-19, 21, 23-26, 28, 37, and District Court, San Antonio, nos. 1994,
1995, 2007, ibid. General studies of the Magonistas are Ellen Howell Myers, "The Mexican
Liberal Party, 1903-1910" (Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 1970), and Ward Sloan
Albro III, "Ricardo Flores Mag6n and the Liberal Party: An Inquiry into the Origins of
the Mexican Revolution of 1910o" (Ph.D. diss., University of Arizona, 1967).
3See Daily Summaries, Jan. i-Dec. 31, 1910, Federal Bureau of Investigation (hereafter
cited as BI), Microcopy, no number, Record Group 65 (NA), roll 1 (record groups are
hereafter cited as RG). Also see Joe Priest to Chief, U.S. Secret Service, Dec. 8, 12, 19, 1910,
Records of the U.S. Secret Service, Daily Reports of Agents, 1875 through 1936, Daily Re-
ports from San Antonio, vol. 12, Microcopy no. 3157, RG 87 (NA). For an account of an
American undercover agent employed against the Magonistas, see "Memoiis of Jesse Perez,
1870-1927," pp. 37-40 (Archives, University of Texas Library, Austin). Also see Michael
Dennis Caiman, United States Customs and the Madero Revolution, Southwestern Studies,
Monograph No. 48 (El Paso, 1976), 13-15, and Dorothy Kerig, Luther Ellsworth, U.S.
Consul on the Border During the Mexican Revolution, Southwestein Studies, Monograph
No. 47 (El Paso, 1975), 20-30.
4By far the best account of Madero's activities in San Antonio is David N. Johnson,
"Exiles and Intrigue: Francisco I. Madero and the Mexican Revolutionary Junta in San
Antonio, 910o-1gi1" (M.A. thesis, Trinity University, 1975).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980, periodical, 1979/1980; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101207/m1/384/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.