The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982 Page: 99
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1861. On page 23 of this "meticulously researched" book the absurd
statement is made that Hubbard spent "almost the entire month of
May  . . . reunited with his family at the plantation," where
"his father supervised the slaves in the cotton fields, white with burst-
ing blooms picked by hand, as they dragged their weighty sacks up
and down the rows chanting spirituals inherited from a previous gen-
eration." Cotton in East Texas was normally planted around the
twentieth of April and required i io to 12o days to mature for picking,
which meant that picking of the cotton would commence around the
middle of August. No one in his right mind would pick the "white...
blooms" of the cotton plant if he expected to harvest cotton (fibre
and seed). Hubbard has been described as an "Ambassador," when in
fact he only held the rank of "Minister," for the United States did not
begin to use the rank of "Ambassador" until the last decade of the
Turner has received more than research and bibliographical assis-
tance from Dr. Duncan. She has, in the opinion of this reviewer, vio-
lated all professional ethics, taken the words, the language, and the
ideas of Duncan and used them as her very own without quotation
marks or a single footnote to acknowledge the tremendous help de-
rived from Duncan's unpublished dissertation, without which this
book could not have been written. The author quotes from news-
papers and other sources without giving specific footnote citations;
such quotations do not extend beyond the footnoted quotations that
appear in Duncan's scholarly work, and sometimes material that
should be in quotation marks appears without them. The book is
marred by numerous misspelled words (DeCardova for DeCordova,
p. 173; Carswell for Caswell County, p. 4; etc.), an occasional mis-
taken date, the incorporation of irrelevant material, and the omis-
sion of at least seven titles from the bibliography, to which reference
is made in footnotes imbedded in the text and not at the bottom of
the page, where all footnotes belong. What part well-known pictures
of Lincoln, Houston, and Grover Cleveland may have in a biography
of Hubbard is as perplexing as some of the titles added to Duncan's
bibliography attached to this book, such as The Life and Times of
Jane Long and Sam Houston and His Twelve Women.
The last twelve years of Hubbard's life, after his return from Japan,
are summarized in four-and-a-half pages, adding some details not
found in Duncan, but without documentation. Absent is a fitting sum-
mary, appraisal, or evaluation of Hubbard's contributions to Texas
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982, periodical, 1981/1982; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/m1/119/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.