The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982 Page: 166
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
manuscript written by the journalist August Siemering. Schuetze did
not publish the manuscript in its entirety, but only "the most inter-
esting portions"; one of these sections expressed the view-in complete
agreement with the anonymous writer in Der Auswanderer-that
"British gold" was behind the Society's venture to colonize Texas. To
William von Rosenberg the appearance of these articles in Texas
Vorwiirts seemed a deliberate attempt to discredit the Society further
by adding the name of August Siemering to the list of its detractors.
In December, 1894, William von Rosenberg's definitive answer to all
these allegations, insinuations, and fabrications, his Kritik, was pub-
lished in Austin, Texas.o0
Von Rosenberg's principal objective in writing the Kritik was to
refute the anonymous author's allegation, supported by Siemering,
that the Society had been founded as a commercial and political enter-
prise and financed by the British government. A second concern was
to correct several inaccuracies, however unintentional, in the anony-
mous account of the Society's colonization efforts in Texas."
The original diplomatic correspondence between Ashbel Smith,
loIn his introduction to the short series Schuetze gives an interesting account of how
Siemering's manuscript came into his hands: Siemering had planned to prepare with a
certain Professor C. Zeus of Houston a richly illustrated monograph on Texas, to be en-
titled "Texas: Seine Vergangenheit, seine Gegenwart, seine Zukunft." A supporter of
Siemering's, George W. Brackenridge, had promised to subsidize the project. After Siemer-
ing died unexpectedly in 1883, his widow, Clara Siemering, gave the manuscript to Hugo
Lehmann, editor of the La (;range Deutsche Zeitung, who wanted to publish it in serial
form in his newspaper. After publishing only one installment (in 1892?), he lost owner-
ship of the newspaper, but refused to return the manuscript. About two years later,
Schuetze learned from Clara Siemering, who incidentally was his niece, that the manu-
script was being held as security by one of Lehmann's creditors. By agreement with Leh-
mann, Schuetze paid off the debt; the manuscript was returned to Clara Siemering, and
she gave Schuetze the right to publish parts of it in Texas Vorwirts. See Texas Vorwdrts,
Aug. 1o, 17, 24, 31, Sept. 7, 14, 21, 28, Oct. 12, 19, 1894. The accuracy of Siemering's work
also was challenged by von Rosenberg in two letters to Schuetze published in Texas
Vorwiirts, Aug. 17, 31, 1894.
11The Society had already received a great deal of unfavorable attention in the German
press during the 184os and 185os, and from a number of notable writers who had been to
Texas and had observed firsthand the hardships imposed on the immigrants by the
Society's headlong rush into a colonization enterprise without adequate planning or
financing: Louis Constant, Texas: Das Verderben deutscher Auswanderer in Texas unter
dent Schutze des Mainzer Veretns (Berlin, 1847); Alwin H. Soergel, Fir Auswvanderungs-
lustige! Briefe eines unter denm Schutze des Mainzer Vereins nach Texas Ausgewanderten
(Leipzig, 1847); Ferdinand Roemer, Texas" Mit besonderer Riicksicht auf deutsche Aus-
wanderung und die physischen Verhiiltnisse des Landes (Bonn, 1849); W. Steinert, Nord-
amerika, vorziiglich Texas im Jahre 1849 (Berlin, 1850). Roemer's book was translated by
Oswald Mueller under the title, Texas, with Particular Reference to German Immigra-
tion and the Physical Appearance of the Country (San Antonio, 1935); a lengthy excerpt
from Steinert's book was translated and edited by Gilbert J. Jordan, "W. Steinert's View
of Texas in 1849," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, LXXX (July, 1976-Apr., 1977),
57-78, 177-200, 283-301, 399-416; LXXXI (July, 1977), 45-72.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982, periodical, 1981/1982; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/m1/200/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.