The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982 Page: 233
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Incredibly, both Bragg and Rosecrans planned to attack their oppo-
nent's right flank. Bragg attacked first. Hardee's two divisions (Patrick
R. Cleburne and John P. McCown), spearheaded by the Tenth and
Eleventh Texas Infantry, attacked and routed McCook's southernmost
division (Richard W. Johnson). McCook's other two divisions (Jeffer-
son C. Davis and Philip H. Sheridan) held their ground in spite of two
further assaults by Hardee's men, reinforced by Benjamin F. Cheat-
ham's division. Finally the weight of the Confederate attack became
irresistible, and the men of McCook's and Thomas's corps fell back to
a position along the Nashville Pike running northeast to southwest.
Now the axis of battle shifted more than ninety degrees.
Union forces held an elliptically shaped line facing south along the
Pike with McCook on the right, Thomas plus Horatio P. Van Cleve's
division in the center, and Crittenden on the left. Bragg posted Hardee
(less John C. Breckinridge's division) on the Confederate left and
Polk's corps on the right. From noon until four Bragg hammered with
brigades from Polk's corps at a strong point in the Union line called
the Round Forest (which troops renamed "Hell's Half Acre"), causing
severe casualties on both sides. Finally Bragg ordered Breckinridge's
four fresh brigades into the assault and they achieved no more success
than their predecessors. During the evening Rosecrans withdrew his
troops from the Round Forest to shorten his line, and Polk edged his
men forward into the vacated position on New Year's Day. There was
no conflict for the rest of January 1.
Bragg decided to flank the Union left by seizing Wayne's Hill, and
he ordered Breckinridge's division to take it on January 2. Both Breck-
inridge and Polk objected, but Bragg remained adamant and the attack
went forward at 4 P.M. Against all odds the Confederates seized
Wayne's Hill, but while advancing down the reverse slope they were
cut to pieces by massed artillery fire from Crittenden's batteries. Rose-
crans rushed reinforcements to this point and pushed the remnants
of Breckinridge's division back to their line of departure. On January
3 both armies stared at each other but took no decisive action until
nightfall. Bragg then ordered the Army of Tennessee to retreat toward
Shelbyville, although he claimed victory by virtue of inflicting 1,2oo
more casualties on the Union forces than he himself sustained. Rose-
crans claimed victory by virtue of possessing the battlefield.
Modern historians may now also claim victory by virtue of acquiring
this elegantly written, definitive account of Stones River. Professor
McDonough writes in a style that captures and holds the reader's in-
terest throughout this monograph, and the seven large maps allow the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982, periodical, 1981/1982; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/m1/267/: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.