The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982 Page: 356
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Papers on systems of work and working-class culture are particularly
notable. Most important are Murdo J. MacLeod's paper on accultura-
tion of the colonial indian; Roberto Moreno's essay on work in the
mines of eighteenth-century New Spain; John Tutino's "Life and
Labor on North Mexican Haciendas, 1775-1810"; Frederick J. Shaws's
important "The Artisan in Mexico City (1824-1853)"; an equally
important paper by Juan Gomez-Quinones on the origins of the Mexi-
can-American working class in the United States, 1600-1900; Raymond
Th. J. Buve's study of the campesino movement and agrarian reform,
1917-1923; Roberto Gallaga's investigation of the sugarcane workers
in the twentieth century; and Aurelio de los Reyes's research on the
movie-theater workers, 1896-1930.
A noted addition since previous conferences are quantitative studies,
including Linda Arnold's work on the late-colonial bureaucracy; Adri-
ana Naveda Chavez-Hita's paper, "Trabajadores esclavos en las ha-
ciendas azucareras de Cordoba, Veracruz, 1714-1763"; and an exten-
sive statistical survey of union organizations, 1948-1970, by Fernando
Talavera and Juan Felipe Leal.
Other important essays include: Patrick J. Carroll, "Black Laborers
and Their Experience in Colonial Jalapa"; Barry Carr, "The Casa
del Obrero Mundial, Constitutionalism and the Pact of February
1915"; and two outstanding syntheses, John Womack, Jr., "The His-
toriography of Mexican Labor," and Enrique Florescano, "Evaluaci6n
y sintesis de las ponencias sobre el trabajo colonial."
All told, the papers and commentaries of some seventy-five scholars
are published in El trabajo y los trabajadores en la historia de Mexico,
approximately half in English and half in Spanish. Although this book
is a valuable addition to the history of Mexican (and Mexican-Ameri-
can) workers, important subjects are unattended. As John Womack
points out in his synthesis of the conference papers, studies are lacking
in the relationship of technology and labor, in the history of family
structure among workers, and in the relationship between working-
class culture and class consciousness, among other contemporary his-
toriographic problems. Yet, despite these failures, the book is a well-
edited, exceptionally wide-ranging look at the history of "this moving,
incredibly complicated, and curiously destined country" (John Wo-
mack, p. 756). It is, in its own way and along with the other published
conference papers of earlier years, a remarkable example of the chang-
ing perspectives and possibilities of Mexican history.
Florida State University
RODNEY D. ANDERSON
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982, periodical, 1981/1982; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/m1/402/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.