The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 86, July 1982 - April, 1983 Page: 118

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argues, came not so much from attempted retaliation for northern re-
jection of comity but from a general shift in southern attitudes on
slavery. Compared with other issues, his treatment here is less well
In places, Finkelman's seriatim discussion of cases taxes the reader's
attention. There is also an unevenness (probably unavoidable) in his
handling of different states (one Texas case appears-in a footnote).
But his generalizations about trends, and about the meaning contem-
poraries read into them, are well controlled. Finkelman has joined
other recent authors in demonstrating that legal and constitutional
history are not separate breeds and that the role of the antebellum
legal-constitutional order was hardly derivative.
Claremont Men's College CHARLES A. LOFGREN
Apaches: A History and Culture Portrait. By James L. Haley. (New
York: Doubleday &c Company, Inc., 1981. Pp. xxi+453. Preface,
illustrations, epilogue, bibliography, index. $17.95.)
In his preface, James L. Haley argues that while much has been
written about the Apaches, most of the ethnographic literature has
been accessible only to academics, and most of the historical accounts
have been "blood and thunder" narratives emphasizing the military
encounters between the tribesmen and their white enemies. Although
he admits that his volume is not history from the Apache viewpoint
("Only Apaches can do that," p. xiii), Haley does attempt to present
"a blending . . . of Apache history and Apache ethnology" (p. xiii)
designed to present the tribal experience "through the glass of their
complicated Life-way" (p. xi). After spending two chapters describing
the Apaches' relationship to the Spanish and Mexican regimes, the
author devotes most of the first half of his text to a discussion of
Apache culture, including chapters on origin beliefs, religion, cul-
tural heroes, social life, food, weapons and implements, etc. The re-
mainder of the book centers upon Apache-American relations during
the forty years preceding 1886, when Geronimo and his followers
finally were captured.
In many ways Haley's chapters upon Apache-American relations
resemble a chronicle rather than a historical analysis. His discussion
of Apache-white interaction during this period is rather detailed and
provides readers with a good running account of the intermittent con-
flict between the two sides, but the long-range significance of these


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 86, July 1982 - April, 1983, periodical, 1982/1983; Austin, Texas. ( accessed October 22, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.