The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985 Page: 80
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
"illegal" traffic in slaves after January 1, 1863, should "receive relief."
A decision to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation as the legal
death date, however, would have given relief to one party just as
surely as the use of June 19, 1865, gave relief to the other.13 Slaves as
human chattels had been given all the protections that the laws of the
United States typically extend to private property, and the legal im-
plications of that situation could not be escaped immediately. Thus
disputes over contracts constituted one of the ways, albeit a relatively
minor one compared to racial and social questions, that the heritage
of slavery maintained a hold on Texas after Juneteenth.
13Emancipation Proclamation Cases, 3, Tex. 509. It might be noted too that a de-
cision in favor of January 1, 1863, probably would have opened the way for a flood of
litigation as hundreds of Texans sued to recover the property or cash they had paid
to purchase or hire slaves after that date.
Alexander Wilson's 1811 painting of the Mississippi kite
earned him credit as the discoverer of this beautiful bird of
prey. Peter Custis had described the bird carefully in his i8o6
report to the War Department but had failed to name it.
Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985, periodical, 1984/1985; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101210/m1/102/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.