The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989 Page: 206
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Tate adopts Newcomb's broad tribal designations and devotes a section
to each of those groups "native" to Texas (Coahuiltecans, Karankawas,
Tonkawas, Jumanos, Wichitas, Caddos, Atakapas, Comanches, and
Kiowas). For each of these groups the editor provides a wealth of en-
tries, from accounts of travelers to standard historical studies to more
recent archaeological, anthropological, and enthnohistorical works. In
addition, he includes smaller sections on "eastern removed peoples"
(Cherokees, Alabama-Coushattas, Seminoles, Kickapoos) who, though
relatively recent arrivals to Texas, nevertheless had an important impact
on regional history. Not included, however, are such nomadic groups
of far West Texas as the Lipans, Mescaleros, and Kiowa-Apaches, as
well as the sedentary Tiguas of the El Paso area. The former are ex-
cluded, explains Tate, because materials relating to them are to be in-
cluded in future volumes of the series, and the latter, because their life-
ways represented an extension of the larger Puebloan culture more
properly associated with present-day New Mexico.
The second book focuses on Indian-white contact through periods of
time defined, as Tate writes, "in white terms" (p. xi). Here, the entries
chosen by the editor are those known more generally as historical
works, and they are organized under such recognizable headings as
"Spanish Era (1529-1821)," "Republic of Texas (1836-1845)," and
"Military Posts of Texas and the Southern Plains (1846-189o)." In ad-
dition, Tate includes units on western Oklahoma reservations (logical
in that this is where the descendents of most of the Indian peoples of
Texas are located), urban Indians in Texas and Oklahoma, and fiction
written by, and/or about Texas Indians. In contrast with the first book,
which is more eclectic, this division more closely resembles traditional
To make the best use of this volume, however, the researcher should,
indeed must, consult both sections, and herein is my first complaint
with Tate's work. Presumably in order to conserve space, an under-
standable concern, the editor, or more likely the series editorial staff,
has decided to list each entry under just one heading. Hence, since
many of the entries can fit under several, it is essential for the re-
searcher to utilize both the name and the subject index. While this tech-
nique seems to work well enough, it also can be somewhat cumber-
some. One comes to wish for some sort of efficient cross-referencing
That complaint aside, only one remains-the price. At $52.50 one
wonders who will be able, or willing, to purchase this work. That is a
shame since such a valuable volume should be more widely affordable.
Perhaps Scarecrow Press can be persuaded to release this and the other
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989, periodical, 1989; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101212/m1/233/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.