The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990 Page: 498
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
autobiographies, documents strongly influenced by their author's po-
litical ambitions. The army kept an official record of the war in the
form of military correspondence; these documents were kept in the
Adjutant General's office in Washington, D.C., and finally were pub-
lished in 1961-1962.2
In the 189os, Gen. Hugh Scott interviewed Quanah Parker, a major
Comanche participant in the Red River War. Later, Wilbur Sturtevant
Nye published Scott's interviews and many of his own, including con-
versations with Kiowa warriors Botalye and Isseo, both veterans of the
war. These Indian narratives provide a perspective of the struggle that
could not be duplicated by any of the white campaigners. A similarly
unique view of a few events of the war may be obtained from the remi-
niscences of two white women, Julia and Addie German. The German
women were captured as young girls by a band of Cheyennes in Sep-
tember 1874 and rescued by soldiers two months later during one of
the Red River War's most celebrated fights. The tale of the German
women found its way into print in the late 192os.
Though he never saw any of his work published, 1st Lt. Frank Dwight
Baldwin wrote prolificly about the Red River War. Baldwin kept a daily
field diary of his experiences during the war, and within a few days of
each adventure, the lieutenant wrote a letter home to his wife Alice
Blackwood Baldwin. At his wife's request, Baldwin tried to describe his
experiences for her as graphically as he could so that someday the in-
formation might be used as data for a book. During his retirement
(19o6-1923), Frank Baldwin used his diaries and letters as resources
when he wrote descriptions of his adventures and read them before an
association of retired military men. Finally, Baldwin produced an un-
finished, unpublished autobiography in which he narrated again his
exploits during the Red River War.
Perhaps Baldwin's most fascinating and accurate descriptions of the
war were in his letters to Alice Baldwin: fascinating because the corre-
spondence was so personal; accurate because Baldwin's acts and feel-
2Olive K. Dixon, The Lzfe of "Billy" Dixon: Plaznsman, Scout, and Pzoneer (Dallas: P. L. Turner
Company, 1927); William Cary Brown Papers (Western Historical Collections, University of
Colorado, Boulder); Virginia W. Johnson, The Unregimental General: A Bzography of Nelson A.
Mles (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1962); Nelson A. Miles, Personal Recollections and Observa-
tions of General Nelson A Miles, Embracing a Brief View of the Czvzl War . . (New York: Da Capo
Press, 1969), and Nelson A. Miles, Serving the Republic, Memoirs of the Cizvl and Milztary Life of
Nelson A Miles (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1911); Joe F. Taylor (comp. and ed.), "The
Indian Campaign on the Staked Plains, 1874-1875: Military Correspondence from War
Department Adjutant General's Office, File 2815-1874," Panhandle-Plazns Historical Review,
XXXIV (1961), and XXXV (1962)
SWilbur Sturtevant Nye, Bad Medicine and Good: Tales of the Kzowas (Norman: University of
Oklahoma Press, 1962); Grace E. Meredith (ed.), Girl Captives of the Cheyennes (Los Angeles-
Gem Publishing Co., 1927).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990, periodical, 1990; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/m1/568/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.