The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990 Page: 518
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
After a four-year stint of detached service as Indian agent at the
Anadarko Kiowa-Comanche Reservation (1894-1898) in present-
day Oklahoma, Baldwin returned to active duty during the Spanish-
American War. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel and sent to Cav-
ite Province on Luzon Island in the Philippines where he directed the
capture of hundreds of insurgents, including vice president of the Pro-
visional Philippine Government, Mariano Trias, and Lt. Gen. Bal-
domero Aguinaldo-the brother of Emilio Aguinaldo, leader of the in-
surgency. In 1902, as a colonel, Baldwin led the American forces who
pacified the region of southern Lake Lanao on the island of Mindanao,
defeating Moro tribesmen at the Battle of Bayan. Shortly thereafter,
Baldwin was promoted to the rank of brigadier general and was later
made commander of the Department of Colorado, from which he re-
tired in 19o6."''
Frank and Allie Baldwin lived together in retirement until he died in
1923. Allie Baldwin lived another seven years, during which she wrote
her memoirs and compiled those of her husband. In 1929, when she
was eighty-four years old, Allie saw her book of memoirs published.
Alice Blackwood Baldwin died in 1930 while living at her daughter's
home in Santa Monica, California."
16William T Hagan, United States-Comanche Relatons The Reservatlon Years (New Haven,
Conn Yale University Press, 1976), 216-246, Robert H Stembach, "A Fontler Army Oflhcer
on Mmndlnao. Frank Dwight Baldwin and the Battle of Bayan, 1902," Essays and Monographs in
Colorado Haitory, No 8 (1988), 35-53
"For interesting exchanges about Alice Baldwin's memoirs, sec correspondence between
Alice Baldwin and William Cary Brown from 1922 to 1928, Brown Papers
Opposite page: The eighty-two-inch reflecting telescope shown here in a 1939
postcard is housed in the dome at the McDonald Observatory on Mount Locke,
which is pictured opposite page 433 of this issue. Mount Locke, located in the
Davis Mountains of far west Texas, is wide-open, rugged ranch country. A man
wearing a cowboy hat stands near one end of the telescope. Courtesy Donald W.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990, periodical, 1990; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/m1/588/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.