The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991 Page: 143
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mography as the setting, political participation as input, representation
and decision making as the conversion process, and policies and issues
as outputs of the political system. Perceptive pieces by Richard San-
tillan, "Styles and Strategies," and James Jennings, "Future Directions
for Puerto Rican Politics in the U.S. and Puerto Rico," close the loop as
The editor, F. Chris Garcia, professor of political science and vice
president for academic affairs at the University of New Mexico, pre-
sents a kaleidoscope of Latino political activity with introductory essays
to invite comparisons in historical origin, characteristics, resources and
motivation among Mexican Americans, Cubans, and Puerto Ricans as
component parts of American society. The dimensions of political par-
ticipation by sex, through different organizations, and by geographic
regions helps to dissipate the notion of Latino national unity.
Whether the political objectives of the late 196os and early 197os
have been attained, or the grievances of inequality redressed, or
whether Hispanics truly represent a powerful political force, is left for
the reader to determine. The ways in which Latino political activities
are manifested, the kind of governmental responses that are solicited,
and governmental policies that these elicit all seem to vary according to
time, place, and circumstances. Thus Mexican American, Cuban, and
Puerto Rican political efforts, at the local and national levels, in the
West, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, and Southeast appear to have no
more in common than the Latino rubric and whatever emotional ap-
peal it may convey. The recognition of this fact may well be one of the
more significant contributions of this book.
On the other hand, the reader with an interest in any one of the
groups or areas treated will find a stimulating and appropriate selec-
tion. Of special interest to Texas and the Southwest are the following
topics: "Chicanos in the United States: A History of Exploitation and
Resistance," by Leobardo F. Estrada, F. Chris Garcia, Reynaldo Flores
Macias, and Lionel Maldonado; "Political Orientations and Behaviors
of Chicanos: Trying to Make Sense Out of Attitudes and Participation,"
by John A. Garcia and Carlos H. Arce; "Mexican-Americans in City
Politics: Participation, Representation and Policy Preferences," by
Susan A. MacManus and Carol A. Cassel; "La Raza Unida Party and
the Chicano Student Movement in California," by Carlos Munoz, Jr.,
and Mario Barrera; "Hispanics Gain Seats in the 98th Congress after
Reapportionment," by Maurilio E. Vigil; "The Latino Community in
State and Congressional Redistricting, 1961-1985," by Richard San-
tillan; "Chicanos and the Legislative Process: Reality and Illusion in the
Politics of Change," by Tatcho Mindiola, Jr., and Armando Gutierrez;
"Communities Organized for Public Service: Citizen Power and Public
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991, periodical, 1991; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/m1/167/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.