The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991 Page: 170
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Southwestern Huztorical Quarterly
DeWolfe Howe's 1965 insight in the Massachusetts Historical Society Pro-
ceedings, that federalism is "the concept, which, above all, has served to
incapacitate the nation's conscience."
Tensions between liberty and federalism inform these diverse explo-
rations into what Martin Ridge describes as "the nature and boundaries
of government in dealing with the lives of its citizens" (p. vii). I was in-
formed particularly by Les Benedict's rethinking of lawyers' and judges'
roles in negotiating liberty during Jefferson's most influential years at
least for favored persons who could afford to be clients. Don Fehren-
bacher's attention to the most disfavored Americans, slaves, who were
outside the constitutional mantle of liberty (p. 53), made more intellig-
ible the concern of diversely motivated, mid-century Republicans to
bring freedmen under that shield. James McPherson's essay, while es-
sentially echoing Fehrenbacher's, illuminates Lincoln's ascent into activ-
ist "radical" Republican abolitionist-humanitarian ranks. Scheiber on
the "new property" concept in economic liberty and Kutler on school
prayer round out these contributions.
This brief review can only mention the major writers and their top-
ics. Although more attention to such Texas-Gulf Coast highest court
decisions as Texas v. Whzte and Slaughterhouse would have been wel-
come, perhaps no other similarly compact volume offers readers of this
journal equal opportunities to share in the intellectual adventures of
the fine scholars who are its editor and contributors. Essays deserves a
place in every serious library collection.
HAROLD M. HYMAN
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991, periodical, 1991; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/m1/194/: accessed June 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.