The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991 Page: 260
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Southwestern Hzstorical Quarterly
scendants later modified the name to Secondine.'02 Jack Harry, whose
Delaware name Waiawakwakumau meant "Tramping Everywhere,"
died of cholera in 1848. Jim Shaw, who helped John Meusebach locate
his German colony in 1847, continued as a scout and diplomat for the
military units stationed on the West Texas frontier until his death in
1858 from a freak accident while building a new home for his family
near Fort Belknap. Even Jim Ned is remembered today; a creek run-
ning southeast through Coleman County into Lake Brownwood bears
his name.03 Another prominent Delaware chief, Black Beaver, won
fame as the guide for Randolph B. Marcy's map-making expeditions
through West Texas in 1849, 1852, and 1854. As for the Shawnees,
while the majority of the Absentee group resided in the Indian Ter-
ritory after 1839, a few remnants continued to live among their lin-
guistic kinsmen in Texas until 1859. Some of their men continued
ranging throughout the Southwest as hunters, scouts, and traders in
the years prior to the Civil War.o4
Certainly, the problem with the "wild tribes" was far from over. Had
not the Civil War intervened and white prejudice and distrust forced
the friendly tribes out of the short-lived government reservations
on the upper Brazos in northwest Texas on the eve of that great con-
flict, the problem might have been solved much sooner than it was, as
subsequent events show. Nevertheless, though they were not always ap-
preciated by many of their white contemporaries, the Delawares and
Shawnees deserve a prominent place in the history of Southwestern
frontier diplomacy and settlement.
102 Fremont, Memoirs, I, 490-495-
1'0 Hodge (ed ), Handbook of American Indians, 1, 385 (quotation); Richardson, "Jim Shaw," 3,
9-12; Parker, Notes Taken, 214; Ferdinand Roemer, Texas. With Particular Reference to German
Immigration and the Physical Appearance of the Country Described Through Personal Observatzon, trans.
Oswald Mueller (San Antonio: Standard Printing Co., 1935), 237; Newcomb, German Artist,
is4Grant Foreman, Advanczng the Frontier, 183o-1860 (Norman: University of Oklahoma
Press, 1933), 243, 250, 268; Grant Foreman (ed.), Adventure on the Red River: Report on the Explo-
ratzon of the Headwaters of the Red River by Captazn Randolph B. Marcy and Captain G. B. McClellan
(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1937), 163- 164; Grant Foreman (ed.), Marcy and the
Gold Seekers; The Journal of Captazn R. B Marcy with an Account of the Gold Rush Over the Southern
Route (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1939), 137-138, 158; Marcy, Thirty Years of
Army Life, 79-85; Howard, Shawnee!, 20-21.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991, periodical, 1991; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/m1/304/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.