The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991 Page: 426
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Cover: The Teny Ranger.s by Carl G. von Iwonski, ca. 1862. Oil on canvas, i 1'/
x 15 inches. Courtesy San Antonzo Museum A.ssocalton
Texans were deeply involved in the geographically distant Civil War.
Many viewed it from afar with great concern and confusion as de-
scribed in two articles in this issue. Others left the state to fight in that
great conflict, which took place, for the most part, outside the borders
of Texas. One of the famous Texas units was the Eighth Texas Cav-
alry, Confederate States of America, better known as "Terry's Texas
Rangers." Not to be confused with the legendary Texas Rangers who
policed the frontier, T'erry's Texas Rangers were a mounted regiment
recruited in 1861 for the War Department of the Confederacy by Ben-
jamin Franklin Terry and Thomas S. Lubbock. Terry, a Texas sugar
planter who fought in the First Battle of Manassas in Virginia, re-
turned to Texas and recruited ten companies of men. Terry was killed
in their first battle, but his Rangers retained his name as they fought
across the South.
German-born artist Carl G. von Iwonski (1830-1912), a resident of
Texas from 1845 to 1873, painted this group of Terry's Rangers during
the Civil War. According to Cecilia Steinfeldt, curator of history at the
San Antonio Museum Association, the figure in the red tunic is Sam
Maverick, son of Samuel Augustus Maveiick, who joined Terry's Texas
Rangers in 1862 at the age of twenty-five and served with them until
the end of the Civil War. By picturing a flamboyant young Maverick
with his canteen held aloft, Iwonski created a devil-may-care image of
spirited frontier horsemen galloping off to war-an image lived up to
by many Texans who fought in the Civil War. Maverick eventually rose
to the rank of lieutenant and survived the war to become a San Antonio
banker and businessman. When Maverick died at the age of ninety-
eight he was the last survivor of Terry's Texas Rangers.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991, periodical, 1991; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/m1/426/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.