The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991 Page: 506
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ing never ends completely) between Spanish settlements and Apache
rancherias from the 179os to the 183os. This was accomplished through
distribution of rations at peace establishments, such as Janos, encourag-
ing Apache cooperation with Spanish policy.
After the Mexican Revolution, the peace establishments continued
for another decade, but a deteriorating economy meant abandonment
and an end to rations. To further destabilize relations, the Mexican
government dropped Spanish prohibitions on foreigners. Anglo-
Americans entered northern New Mexico, either trading for goods
that Apache raiders stole from Mexicans or operating as mercenaries
who murdered Apaches and collected bounties offered by the Mexican
government. By the 1850s, Mexicans and Apaches had forged a com-
plicated set of relationships that included both trade and raiding, peace
and warfare. By the time "United States troops rounded up the last of
the southern Apaches in the I88os, the peace establishments must have
seemed a long way in the distant, almost mythological past" (p. 259).
Utmost Good Faith narrows the focus to Apache-Mexican relations in
Chihuahua during the first thirty years after independence. Griffen
again provides many details of Apache history at the rancheria level,
examines the kinds and quality of Apache-Mexican relations, and
places the Apaches in the context of other Indian (particularly Co-
manche) affairs. In a section titled "The System of Conflict," Griffen
provides chapters on various topics including "Banditry and Trade"
and "Public and Editorial Opinion: Mexican Perceptions of the Indian
Situation." These chapters, however, are not well integrated with one
another, leaving the reader with a fragmented sense of how these dif-
ferent topics fit together and enhance our understanding of events.
The volume concludes with a lengthy "Table of Indian Encounters,"
which lists every encounter mentioned in the Officzal Newspaper of Chi-
huahua and supplemented by information from presidial archives of
Carrizal and Janos.
By presenting a case study of Spanish and Mexican attempts to im-
plement policies and assert control in one region of Mexico, Griffen
makes a valuable contribution to Indian history. He has collected a
large amount of data that will prove a useful foundation for further
research. Griffen's occasional insights into Apaches' views are especially
useful. At the same time he misses opportunities to underscore how
Apaches imposed their patterns of "partial peace" and their decen-
tralized political organization, particularly on the Mexicans. Lost in the
flurry of details are some of his more intriguing and significant points.
Unzverszty of Texas, El Paso
SHERRY L. SMITH
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991, periodical, 1991; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/m1/570/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.