The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991 Page: 580
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Southwestern Historzcal Quarterly
Jimenez's return trip was made more difficult because of rains that
made the roads almost impassable. As a result, a wagon breakdown
necessitated a stop in Guerrero. In describing the town, Jimenez said,
"it appears to have been an important town but now, like almost all our
places on the frontier, it is in a state of decay.""7 Although surrounded
by frequent Indian hostility and filibuster activity generated from both
sides of the border, Jimenez was fortunate enough to escape any
Emory also mentioned the filibustering activity, which was so serious
he thought it necessary to secure the help of Colonel Cruz. In explain-
ing why he went directly to the military commandant, Emory stated he
was forced to because of the absence of the Mexican commissioner.
Emory also kept Cruz informed of his correspondence with Jimenez,
which he deemed necessary "in the absence of the Chief astronomer
and surveyor on the Mexican side." 5 Again Emory indicated by his ac-
tions that he did not wish to acknowledge any help in this matter from
Jimenez, and it even appears that Cruz was more interested in giving
Emory support than he was Jimenez.
Jimenez continued his return, reaching Matamoros toward the end
of December. Having completed the survey, he terminated his section's
work. Lieutenant Diaz, however, remained a short time longer com-
pleting the topographical portion. Jimenez departed for Mexico City
via an overland route rather than sea and arrived there in January
1854, having successfully completed his assignment.
The successful surveying operations of Francisco Jimenez and Lt.
Augustin Diaz on the Rio Grande represent both their own personal
achievements and the accomplishments they made as scientists and
representatives of the Mexican commission. Identifying the impor-
tance of their accomplishments, which were achieved over several years
and under most difficult circumstances, in carrying out a partial survey
of the Rio Grande, along with other activities they performed while
employed by the Mexican commission, establishes the credibility of
Mexico's role in surveying the new boundary. Jimenez and Diaz were
responsible for much of the work and clearly helped to demonstrate
that Mexico provided responsible scientists who were able to represent
their country and protect its commission's integrity. They were moti-
vated, as Jimenez put it, by "El deseo de cubrir el honor nacional"
("The desire to protect their nation's honor").1 In this they succeeded!
58Emory, Report, I, 61-62; Emory to Cruz, July 29, 1853 (quotation), Emory "Letterbook."
59Jimenez, Diario-Memoria, 7.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991, periodical, 1991; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/m1/658/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.