The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 96, July 1992 - April, 1993 Page: 88
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Southwestern Hzstorical Quarterly
plicants were required to provide proper proof that they were citizens
and either had participated in the revolution, or, at least, had not fled
the country of Texas in order to avoid the struggle. Accordingly, the
"Declaration of the People of Texas in Convention Assembled" (often
referred to as the "Declaration of Rights"), as adopted on November 7,
1835, specifically provided that Texas would "reward by donations in
land, all who volunteer their services in her present struggle...."'
This objective, to favor its loyal patriots with land, was further ex-
pressed in the Plan and Powers of the Provisional Government of
Texas, adopted November 13, 1835.'
The Constitution of the Republic of Texas of March 16, 1836, pro-
vided for these rewards of land.' Under general provisions, section Lo,
of that document, the head of each family in Texas was accorded "one
league and labor" of land. In this regard, mention is made of the right
of inheritance of children or heirs of the heads of Texas families."' On
November 24, 1836, the Republic of Texas, by joint resolution to its
laws, again provided legal means for the granting of bounty lands to all
volunteers who served in the armies of Texas.7
The promise of realty was again renewed by Texas in its Constitution
of 1845, meanwhile opening its district courts for the establishment of
certificates for "head-rights" in land.8 Also, a two-year limitations pe-
riod was imposed, thereby requiring those who would claim land under
these provisions to come forward within the prescribed time period
and assert their claim."
In its Constitution of 1861, Texas once again opened its court system
for worthy citizens and/or Texas revolutionary war veterans to petition
for land, and, as in the Constitution of 1845, a two-year limitations
period was imposed.'o
The 1861 term of court saw such a claim: the descendants of Da-
macio Jimenez, defender of the Alamo, came forward and petitioned
in open court for a headright claim of land as promised by the Consti-
tution of Texas."
'Texas Declaration of Independence (1835), in Vernon'' Annotated Consttuton of the State of
Texas, vol J, Constitution Articles r3-End (Kansas City, Mo.. Vernon Law Book Co., 1955), 509,
4"Plan and Powers of the Provisional Government of Texas" (1835), in ibid., 515, article XV.
'Texas Constitution of 1836, General Provisions, sec. lo, im Ibd , 533
7H. P. N. Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas 1822-1897. . (lo vols., Austin- Gammel Book
Co, 1898), I, io94
8Texas Constitution of 1845, article XI, sec 2, in Vernon's Annotated Constitution, 565.
'0Texas Constitution of 1861, article XI, sec. 2, in Vernon's Annotated Constitution, 594
" Headright Book 2, pp 370-373.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 96, July 1992 - April, 1993, periodical, 1993; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101215/m1/114/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.