The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 96, July 1992 - April, 1993 Page: 492
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492 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Blind Lemon Jefferson of Wortham, the "King of Country Blues"; Scott Joplin of
Texarkana, the "King of Ragtime"; and Huddie Ledbetter, known as Leadbelly,
guitarist and singer of work songs and blues.
ny Goodman, and Earl Hines were unaffected by the talents of Eddie
Durham, though other Texans did contribute to these three orchestras,
and Durham may have contributed indirectly to the music of the Hines
band as well. No other Texas musician had such a varied and enduring
impact on the history of jazz as did Eddie Durham. And while Durham is
unique in this and other respects, he is also representative of the signifi-
cant contributions Texans have made to jazz throughout its historical
In The SwingEra, the second part of his projected three-volume history
of jazz, Gunther Schuller remarks that "it is always a source of surprise to
discover in what diverse regions of the country many of the major and
lesser figures of jazz were born and/or grew up. "" Speaking of the cre-
ation of a specifically Southwestern jazz, Ross Russell, in his classic study
Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest, observes that "the state of Texas,
the largest and most populous in the Kansas City-Southwest area, pre-
dictably yielded the greatest number of musicians and bands." While
New Orleans, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City have long been asso-
ciated with the historical rise and development of jazz, the contribution
of Texas to this native American music has rarely been studied. Yet not
only has the state produced a large share of major and minor jazz musi-
cians, but many of them have determined in various ways this music's re-
markable evolution. In general, the Texas influence on jazz history has
" Gunther Schuller, The Swin ngElra: 7he Development o/Jazz, 193o-1945 (New York: Oxford Uni-
versity Press, 1989), 562.
' Ross Russell, Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest (Berkeley: University of California
Press, 1967), 54-.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 96, July 1992 - April, 1993, periodical, 1993; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101215/m1/562/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.