The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 99, July 1995 - April, 1996 Page: 544

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Opposite page: Photograph of Au-Pia Goodle (Red Otter), Kiowa medicine
man, and his wife, ca. 1895, by George Bretz, Fort Sill, Indian Territory. Courtesy
Lawrence T. Jones III.
Au-Pia Goodle was a peyote leader who reportedly owned the first Bible issued
by early missionaries in southwestern Oklahoma. Kiowa raiders were among the
fiercest opponents faced by the U.S. Army in its nineteenth-century campaigns
to make the Texas frontier safe for Anglo-American settlers.


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 99, July 1995 - April, 1996, periodical, 1996; Austin, Texas. ( accessed February 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.

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