The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 102, July 1998 - April, 1999 Page: 251
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tution's anticlerical provisions were strictly enforced" (p. 1). In reality, Reich
maintains, between 1929 and 1942 those strictures were regularly bypassed
through "a network of extralegal compromises" (p. 2).
Over the years 1929 to 1942, fluctuations in Church-State relations certainly
surfaced: a period of relaxation of anticlerical tensions characterized the two-
year era immediately following the arreglos (1929-1931), a reappearance of anti-
clericalism however dominated from 1931 to 1935, and the foundation for a
modus vivendi developed between 1935 and 1942. That latter temporary agree-
ment has persisted to the present day, Reich maintains.
Reich's study would have benefitted from less redundancy, wherein he un-
necesarily repeats several times the same ideas and conclusions. In addition, al-
though Reich does touch on some of the Church's concerns beyond that about
its "Institutional posture"-for example Catholic education, Catholic opposition
to abortion, and struggles with Protestant evangelization-it would have been in-
teresting to see that aspect of the story delved into in greater depth.
Notwithstanding these limiting aspects, Reich's book is a compelling one that
hopefully will ignite an interest in further study on the Church and State in not
only Mexico, but countless other historically Catholic nations as well where an
antagonism between the ecclesiastical and civil authorities has been presumed to
exist as a natural state of affairs.
Editor, Catholic Southwest PATRICK FOLEY
Preparing the Way: Preliminary Studies of the Texas Catholic Historical Society. Edited
by Jesis F. de la Teja. (Austin: Texas Catholic Historical Society, 1997. PP-
xiv+242. Maps, foreword, preface, general editor's note, select bibliography.
ISBN 0-9660966-0-6. $17.95, paper).
Scholars of the Borderlands and general readers with an interest in the Span-
ish experience in the Southwest will always be indebted to the monumental
works conducted by the Knights of Columbus in Texas. From their efforts to
counter rising anti-Catholic sentiments by "nativist" groups after World War I
came the exhaustive seven-volume Our Catholic Heritage in Texas by Carlos E. Cas-
tafieda and a series of "Preliminary Studies" which had contributed to the end
product. But the essays on Catholic pioneers and the translations of expedition
diaries that saw print in the "Preliminary Studies" stand as important contribu-
tions in themselves, still useful to those curious about the early period of Texas
Initiated in the late 19208 under the direction of Father PaulJ. Foik at St. Ed-
ward's University in Austin, this series of booklets has been hard to come by for
many years. Now the Texas Catholic Historical Society (TCHS), with noted histo-
rian Jes6s F. de la Teja as general editor, is rectifying this situation by reissuing
the "Preliminary Studies" in a new format, gathering together under one cover
the contents of each volume number. Preparing the Way, the first of the series, is
already available with two more volumes to follow. The book is attractively pack-
aged, reasonably priced, and certainly better than having to deal with tracking
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 102, July 1998 - April, 1999, periodical, 1999; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101219/m1/294/?rotate=270: accessed May 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.