The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000 Page: 387
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prevented a severe mauling of part of Rosecrans's force. The opposing armies
clashed eventually in the battle of Chickamauga that resulted in a Confederate vic-
tory and a Union retreat to Chattnooga. While his besieged army suffered from
hunger, a demoralized Rosecrans was relieved of command in mid-October.
Recently promoted Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, the victor at Vicksburg, soon traveled to
Chattnooga. The book's concluding chapters chronicle the raising of the siege of
Chattanooga and the Knoxville campaign, a Union victory that secured control of
eat Tennessee. Six adequate maps illustrate the most important army movements,
however, there are no maps depicting the battle of Chickamauga.
Woodworth introduces the reader to a number of major topics in this book.
The author provides pertinent biographical information on each major person
as they are introduced in the book. The command problems of the Army of
Tennessee, geography, the political background of the campaigns, supply issues,
the transfer of troops from other armies, and analysis of military maneuvers are
all highlighted by Woodworth. The major resources used in researching this
book were the Official Records as well as important secondary works and a sprin-
kling of published soliders' letters and diaries.
Readers needing or desiring an affordable, well-written, thoughtful synthesis
of these campaigns will be pleased with this work. There are no detailed tactical
analyses in this book, but Woodworth provides a useful biographical essay direct-
ing interested readers to detailed accounts of battles, important biographies,
and published primary accounts. Hopefully, subsequent writers in this series will
maintain the high standards set by Woodworth.
Northeastern State University M. JANE JOHANSSON
Battlefields of Texas. By Bill Groneman. (Plano: Republic of Texas Press, 1998. Pp.
xi+229. Acknowledgements, introduction, appendix, bibliography, index.
ISBN 55622-571-1. $18.95, paper.)
Ninety years of Texas battles, sixty-eight in all, cited in chronological order,
cover the pages of this guidebook. Author Bill Groneman makes the point that
most likely no other state in the Union has accumulated that many conflicts in
less than a century while changing countries and affiliations several times as well.
The author's purpose was to cite brief descriptions of some of the most impor-
tant battles and/or battlefields of Texas as well as a lot of less important ones,
but his intent was not to be comprehensive or all-inclusive. He intended the
book to be used by "casual visitors or travelers across Texas who may enjoy stop-
ping along the road somewhere" (p. xii) to see where some of the real Texas his-
tory happened. This plan does not prevent native Texans from learning a great
deal about some battles that they may not have ever heard of at all.
The book covers actual battles between two organized forces, but not feuds,
riots, raids, or small-scale skirmishes. Because the book really is a guide to help
those interested in doing so to see the actual sites, the author tried to include
battles whose sites could be visited or at least identified. He listed the battles in
chronological order over a ninety-year period beginning with a battle in the
Canon de Ugalde, near present Uvalde, on January 9, 1790, between the
Spanish Royalist Army and approximately three hundred Apaches. The Spanish
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000, periodical, 2000; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101220/m1/433/: accessed September 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.