The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000 Page: 452
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Cover: Migrant mother with children, Weslaco, Texas, February 1939. By Rus-
sell Lee. Photograph, 91/2 x 7% inches. Courtesy FSA/OWI Collection, Li-
brary of Congress, USF34-32o86-D.
Russell Lee was one of the Farm Security Administration photographers
who traveled throughout the Valley during the Great Depression docu-
menting both the abundance derived from the fields of South Texas and
the laborers who worked in them. In 1939 the federal government re-
sponded to the horrid condition of makeshift migrant worker camps by
building four campgrounds for migrant workers in South Texas. Camps
in Raymondville, Robstown, Sinton, and Weslaco were built with the co-
operation of local farmers, the State Employment Service, and the FSA.
The camps were intended to solve the problems of sanitation and hous-
ing, but they also provided pools of cheap labor for local farmers. This
picture appears on page 150 of Robert L. Reid's Picturing Texas: The
FSA-OWI Photographers in the Lone Star State, 1935-1943, published in
1994 by the TSHA. Charles Chamberlain's article "'On the Train and
Gone': Worker Mobility in the Rural Southwest During World War II,
1939-1945," begins on page 427 of this issue. Chamberlain discusses
how federal manpower recruitment networks and labor piracy enabled
farm and lumber workers to achieve greater social and economic inde-
pendence during the war even as rural employers and the state sought to
restrict the movement of unskilled workers. An article by Robert B. Fair-
banks, "Public Housing for the City as a Whole: The Texas Experience,
1934-1955," discusses how Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio addressed
the problems of poverty and inadequate urban housing during the Great
Depression and World War II. Fairbanks's article begins on page 403.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000, periodical, 2000; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101220/m1/452/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.