The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002 Page: 95
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A Texan Records the Civil War Siege of Vicksburg
known as the Texana Guard, and Simons, senior to many of them, was
one of their officers. When the officer in charge of Confederate army
recruiting declined to enlist the one-legged Simons into service, the
other Jackson County volunteers refused to take the oath. The recruiter
eventually capitulated, and all the volunteers were mustered into the
The Texana Guard was mustered into Confederate service as Company
K of the Second Texas Infantry Regiment under Capt. John Creed
Moore.' Before the regiment, about thirteen hundred men strong, left
the Houston area, Simons was promoted to first lieutenant. On March
12, 1862, the regiment left Houston for Memphis, Tennessee, and even-
tually Corinth, Mississippi. The Second Texas fought with distinction in
the battle of Shiloh and was ordered to inscribe "Shiloh" on the regimen-
tal flag. After the battle, Simons was assigned as the regiment's quarter-
master. On May 26, 1862, Colonel Moore was promoted to brigadier-
general and given command of a brigade. Lieutenant Simons was pro-
moted to be Moore's brigade quartermaster with the rank of major.4
Simons and the regiment participated in several other engagements
against Federal forces. They fought with distinction, and on June 2o,
1862, the Second Texas Infantry Regiment was designated the sharp-
shooters for Moore's brigade. By the time of the siege of Vicksburg, the
regimental flag not only read "Shiloh," but "Farmington," "Iuka," and
"Corinth" as well. Before becoming part of the Vicksburg line of
defense, the Second Texas Infantry had acquired a highly respected
At various times during the spring of 1863, the men of the Second
Texas were camped outside of Yazoo City in north-central Mississippi to
build defensive fortifications on land and to put obstructions in the river
to block Federal shipping. Above the southwest side of the Yazoo River
2 Maurmine Simons Miller to Doug Braudaway, Apr. 30 and May 5, 1993, interview (notes in
author's possession); Joseph E. Chance, The Second Texas Infantry: From Shiloh To Vchksburg
(Austin: Eakin Press, 1984), 12.
' Moore was born m Hawkins County, Tennessee, on February 23, 1824, and graduated from
West Point m 1849. He had some battle experience against the Seminole Indians. He resigned
his commission in 1855 to teach and was a professor at Shelby College, Kentucky, in 186o. When
the war broke out, he was commissioned a captain and assigned to the Galveston area until he
organized the Second Texas Infantry. He was later promoted to colonel and assigned command
of the regiment. Harold B. Simpson, Texas in the War: 1861-1865 (Hillsboro: Texas: Hill Junior
College Press, 1965), 88-89.
" Dudley G Wooten (ed.), A Comprehensive History of Texas: z685 to 1897, (2 vols.; Dallas:
William G. Scarff, 1898), II, 578-582; War of the Rebellion A Compilatzon of the Officzal Records of the
Unzon and Confederate Armies (128 vols.; Washington: Government Printing Office, 1889), ser. I,
XXIV, part 3, 611-612 (hereafter cited as OR with all references to ser. I). Moore's brigade con-
sisted of the Second Texas, Thirty-seventh Alabama, Fortieth Alabama, Forty-second Alabama,
Thirty-fifth Mississippi, and Fortieth Texas as of January 31, 1863.
* Wooten, Comprehensive Hstory, 596.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002, periodical, 2001; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101222/m1/103/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.