The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002 Page: 97
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A Texan Records the Civil War Siege of Vicksburg
headquarters. It contains references to family and faith, battlefield
observations, the major's rationale for military duty, and, ultimately,
his great desire to return home.
For My Wife
Should the fortunes of war ever deprive me of this book I hope the per-
son whos hand it may fall into will forward it to her. Her address is Mrs
Lizzie A Simons Texana Texas
I will try & keep this diary for her the sattesfaction of my wife & at her
April 14/63 Just as night we received an order from Gen Moore to go
down to Vicksburg as the Enemy had retreated from Sunflower which
done away with the necesity of our Brigade going up that stream.8
[April] 15 All is bussell & confusion this morning such as always pre-
ceads a move. We have now been one month & two days in Yazoo City.
Have found it a very pleasent place. The inhabitance are kind & obliging
as far as we had to do with them. The Ladies too "God bless them" are as
clever as they can be & its with no little regrett that I have to part with
some of them. We get off after dinner after bidding adue to all our new
formed Friends. The last one that I parted with was my young friend
Miss Amelia Link. We met her in the road. Henry was with me & I think
he looked a shade paler after we left them.9 Camped all night 8 miles
from town & fifty two miles from Vicksburg.
Apl 16 We were up before day got our breakfast & started by sun rise.
Jack & I left the other boys with the train.10 We struck out for the "City of
the Hills." After traveling till 12 Oclock pm we stoped at the house of
Mrs Ben Johnson, got a very good dinner (for which the Lady would
7 Simons's spelling is sometimes incorrect, inconsistent or archaic. He failed to use any punc-
tuation rules, resulting in what appear to be very long, fused sentences. Nor did he follow stan-
dard capitalization rules. The spelling in this draft has not been corrected, but capital letters and
periods have been added to make each sentence more recognizable Few other notations have
' The Sunflower River flowed into the Yazoo River a short distance north of Haines' Bluff. It
drained the area between the Yazoo and the Mississippi. Shelby Foote, The Cavzl War. A Narrative
(3 vols., New York: Random House, 1963), II, 387. While the river was navigable and being used
by the Federal navy, the Confederate defense forces there were considered adequate to hold the
area. Moore to Pemberton, OR Series I, XXIV, part 3, 687, 742.
'Younger brothers William Henry and George F. Simons were both on the payroll of Major
Simons m the quartermaster's office William Henry is hsted as "Receiving Sgt," and George as
"Issuing Sgt." Payrolls, Mar. 31 and June 30, 1863, Papers of Maurice Kavanaugh Simons, folder
6, box 1, Civil War Collection, (South Texas Archives, Kingsville, Texas).
"' Capt. James W. Mangum, originally of Company B of Second Texas, was later promoted to
adjutant general. Chance, Second Texas Infantry, 3, 74.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002, periodical, 2001; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101222/m1/105/: accessed February 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.