The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 108
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The sudden death of Barry A. Crouch at his home near Washington,
D.C., on March 13, 2002, saddened the community of scholars in Texas
and the nation. Just prior to his death from complications with his battle
with cancer, he had attended the annual meeting of the Texas State
Historical Association in Corpus Christi. The following biography was
prepared by a group of Barry's colleagues and good friends.
Born in Glendale, California, in 1941, Barry grew up in Kansas and
Colorado. He received his bachelor's degree in 1962 from Western
State College of Colorado at Gunnison. Three years later the
University of Wyoming awarded him a master's degree. He concluded
his graduate studies with a Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico in
1970. Throughout his lifetime Barry used this solid foundation of his-
torical studies to build a scholarly reputation and to encourage his stu-
dents to enter graduate school and pursue history as a career.
Barry started his teaching career at Angelo State University in Texas.
In 1970 he decided to accept a post-doctorate fellowship at Howard
University in Washington, D.C. For the next ten years, he held the fel-
lowship at Howard and taught at Catholic University, Federal City
College, Montgomery College, and Bowie State College. In 1980 he
began his long-standing professorial relationship with Gallaudet
University. For the next two decades students flocked to his classes,
where he deftly analyzed events and personages in American history.
His combination of hard work, biting humor, and a helpful attitude
endeared him to people of all ages.
His move to the nation's capitol not only brought him better teaching
opportunities, but also allowed him to explore the holdings of the
National Archives, most particularly those related to the Freedmen's
Bureau. He, and fellow historians like Randolph B. Campbell, Carl
Moneyhon, and James M. Smallwood, led the way in revising the tradi-
tional historical view of the Reconstruction period in Texas from an
emphasis on the corruption and mismanagement of southern states in
Radical Reconstruction to a more complex view of black suffrage, south-
ern intransigence, and the vagaries of political and social life.
Barry's The Freedmen's Bureau and Black Texans (1992) presented a fresh
look at the workings of this agency. In addition, he wrote numerous arti-
cles on the Reconstruction era in Texas and elsewhere in such diverse
publications as The Chronicles of Smith County, Texas, The East Texas Historical
Journal Prologue, The Journal of Negro History, The Journal of Social History,
and The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. His scholarly research brought
him honors, awards, and fellowships from such prestigious organizations
as the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Texas State
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/136/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.