The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 183
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2002 Archeological Investigations at the Battle of Red River Site
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Figure 3. Distribution of U.S. Army and Indian artifacts at the Battle of Red River site.
tridge issued to the infantry in 1 874, while the cavalry used the .45-55 car-
tridge. Many of the military cartridges were located around shallow de-
pressions, which appear to be the remains of rifle pits. One of the more
interesting features encountered was a "trail" of unfired .45-55/70 rifle
cartridges and .45 Colt pistol cartridges. The trail consists of forty-two un-
fired cartridges and begins on the north side of a small hill, crosses over
the crest of the hill, and then continues partially down the south side.
This intriguing trail of cartridges most likely is where one of the military
ammunition wagons, with at least two open ammunition boxes, made its
way over the Griffin Hills, bouncing live ammunition out of the wagon,
and continued toward the south."
The military artifacts and features found on the eastern end of the Grif-
fin Hills suggest that Miles and his troops rendezvoused here after the In-
dians were cleared from the hills by the scouts. For the troops to move to-
ward Wagon Wheel Gap from this position they would have to make a
" AlbertJ. Frasca and Robert H. Hill, The .45-70 Springfield (Northridge, Calif.: Springfield Pub-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/235/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.