The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 190
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
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Figure 5. Lines of military advance and Indian retreat at the Battle of Red River.
fired down on the military troops for short periods and then retreated to
the next hill. In this manner of "guerrilla" warfare, they were able to
spread the military troops out and keep them guessing as to where they
would appear next. This tactic worked to delay the military long enough
for the Indian families to escape up Tule Canyon and out onto the Llano
Estacado. The primary route that the Indian families took to escape from
the advancing U.S. Army was clearly marked by the number of personal
artifacts and tools that were apparently discarded or lost by the Indians as
they made their way to Tule Canyon (Figure 5). The distribution of the
military-related artifacts corroborate the historical accounts of the battle
in that the army apparently did advance across the battlefield in three
separate columns and the right column did move some three miles south
of Red River and entered Tule Canyon.
The analysis of the cartridges and bullets recovered from the site has
revealed additional insights into the battle. Based on the firing-pin signa-
tures examined on the recovered cartridges, at least 13 different types of
guns were used in the battle, representing a minimum of seventy-one
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/242/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.