The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 210
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
sons, or confiscate your property.... The Legitimate Power is in your
hands. Use it and you will soon gain your Liberty.... May the Mother of
God make you worthy."38
Gutierrez struck a distinct chord in his proclamation to Mexico. While
addressing Tejanos as "beloved and honored compatriots," he intro-
duced himself to Mexicans as a "son of your nation and country"-the
kingdom of Mexico. He offered special respect to "our Mother and La-
dy of Guadalupe" as his country's most revered saint. Perhaps most im-
portant, Gutierrez outlined his ideas of self-government in a more pre-
cise manner than he had to Tejanos and Bexarefios. He asserted that all
Mexican provinces and communities-once free of European com-
mand-would elect rulers who would protect their sovereign rights.
Mexicans would also enjoy commercial freedom and the liberty to ex-
port goods. Agriculture and industry would flourish as the government
promoted rather than impeded human happiness."
There is no obvious reason to explain why Gutierrez defined political
liberty more expansively in his proclamation to Mexico than in his dec-
larations to Texas and B6xar. His words implied that provincial freedom
would be secured through the success of a national revolution. In any
case, his fiery rhetoric left unclear the type of political union that might
be established between Texas, a part of "Our Country" (Nuestra Patria),
and the Mexican Republic.o
Gutidrrez's hope that Anglo-American filibusters might be reliable al-
lies had some basis in fact during the early phase of the expedition.
Though the volunteers had their own personal ambitions of wealth and
glory, they were not simple agents of U.S. imperialism. On October 15,
1812, Dr. John Hamilton Robinson, a U.S. agent journeying to New
Spain on a diplomatic mission, entered the Republican camp along the
Trinity River. Augustus W. Magee warned the visitor that his soldiers
were opposed to letting him pass, and were even sworn to "murder"
him, lest he "take possession of the country in the name of the United
States." Robinson was allowed to proceed only after relinquishing his
U.S. flag and accepting a passport "under the authorities of this Re-
8 Bexar Archives, Special Collections, microfilm, reel 52, frames 359-360, 361 (quotations),
362-365 (University of Texas at Arlington). Gutierrez affirmed his revolutionary intent by sign-
ing each document "in the second year of our independence." 2nd quotation: "Despertad, des-
pertad! ... a esos Tiranos que pretenden tener soverano Ymperio sobre Vuestras Vidas; no les per-
mitiremos mis de que embeban sus manos Ymcuas en la sangre de nuestros Hermanos; no les
consentire mis de apresar Vuestras Personas; ni Confiscar Vuestros blenes ... El Legitimo Poder
esti en sus manos. Usadlo y Obtendreis Pronto Vuestra Livertad.... [La] Madre de Dios os bal-
gan." For Salcedo's warnings against Anglo-American invaders, see Garrett, Green Flag Over Texas,
* Bexar Archives, 52: 359 (1st quotation), 362 (2nd and 3rd quotations)
o0 Proclamation to Bexar, Bexar Archives, 52: 361.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/262/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.