The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 222
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
contempt for the local populace. On June 12, 1813, he represented to
Monroe that Guti6rrez had formed "his junta" from among "the most ig-
norant and least respectable characters in the country...." This report,
which was obviously designed to discredit Guti6rrerz, showed little un-
derstanding of B6xar, whose principal insurgents were politically active
men of considerable local standing. Shaler erroneously maintained that
Louis Massicolt, a Frenchman and secretary of the junta, was "the actual
director of every thing" in San Antonio.71
Guti6rrez's political position in B6xar eroded under the attacks of Tole-
do and Shaler. Indeed, the Republican Army's victory over Elizondo's
force at the battle of Alazin Creek, fought near San Antonio on June 2o,
came too late to slow the tide against him. Before learning of that victory,
Shaler had already dispatched two agents, Henry Adams Bullard and
Joseph B. Wilkinson, to undermine Guti6rrez's influence with the junta
and Anglo-American and "Spanish" (i.e., Spanish-American) military of-
ficers. Bullard, a Harvard graduate, was well armed for this mission
through his personal boldness and fluency in Spanish. In late June, he
challenged Guti6rrez in a meeting before the junta, lecturing his audi-
ence on Toledo's merits. If Guti6rrez had enjoyed more political support,
he might have tossed the Yankee upstart in jail or deported him. He in-
stead had to suffer through Bullard's defense of liberty of conscience-a
principle that Gutierrez could not accept as a Mexican nationalist devot-
ed to Catholicism.72
This exchange exemplified the enormous gap between Guti6rrez's idea
of Mexican republicanism and Bullard's advocacy of Anglo-American in-
stitutions while serving as an agent of Shaler and Toledo. The debate laid
bare the increasingly bitter struggle for power between former allies.
Much to Shaler's chagrin, the junta sided with Gutierrez on June 28 by im-
posing conditions on Toledo's entry to B6xar, demanding his repudiation
of religious liberalism, acceptance of a subordinate military rank to Gutier-
rez, and limitations upon the armed entourage he might introduce to
Texas. In a broader sense, however, Bullard, and his comrade Wilkinson,
had done great harm to Gutierrez. Their private meetings with Anglo-
" William Shaler to James Monroe, June 12, 1813 (quotations), Special Agents MSS. Julia
Kathryn Garrett generally accepted the validity of Shaler's accusations. See Green Flag Over Texas,
198-2o 1. Her account indicates that Guti6rrez schemed with Frenchmen in Louisiana and Texas,
but it does not prove that Gutierrez was a dupe of Napoleon as Shaler charged. The name "Massl-
colt" sometimes appears as "Massicot" or "Massicott" in documents
7' Henry Adams Bullard to Wilham Shaler,June 27, 1813, Special Agents MSS. Bullard deceived
Gutierrez by gaining appointment as his secretary before quickly turning against him. The victory
at Alazin Creek came just after a precarious point in relations between Anglo-American and Mex-
ican troops. Some U S. volunteers had come to fear that their alhes were about to betray them to
the enemy. This rumor, the apparent result of a botched love affair between Maj. Reuben Ross and
a "Mexican girl," almost broke up the Republican Army. The affair is discussed in the recollections
of Gaines and Villars. See Lamar Papers, I, 281-282, VI, 152.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/274/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.