The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 277
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Texans in the Spanish-American War
Cemetery bone pit as described by Texas soldiers at Havana. Photograph courtesy of U.S. Army
Military Institute, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
orders for home. The ships bearing the Texans-the Kilpatrick and the
Florida-set sail from Havana on March 25, 1899, and arrived at Fort Jef-
ferson, in the Dry Tortugas, the next day. So that the returning soldiers
would not bring yellow fever or any other tropical diseases home with
them to infect the civilian population of the state, the troops spent three
days there while the ships' crews washed down the decks with carbolic
acid and burned sulfur in the holds to disinfect them. At the same time all
the clothing, bedding, and personal baggage was loaded into large ovens
and steamed for thirty minutes to similarly destroy disease-causing germs.
The First Texas finally arrived at Pier 35 in Galveston on April 2, 1899.
Port regulations required that all passengers arriving from other tropical
ports after April i had to remain in quarantine for ten days. Because of
the fumigation stopover in the Dry Tortugas, however, a doctor quickly
checked them over and cleared them for immediate landing. The men in
the other Texas regiments had long since hung up their uniforms and re-
turned to their civilian pursuits."8
" Ibid., Apr. 3, 1899. The Second Texas was mustered out at Dallas on November 8, 1898; the
Third Texas was mustered out at Fort Clark, Fort McIntosh, Fort Bliss, Fort Brown, Fort Ringgold,
and Eagle Pass from February 6 to 24, 1899; the Fourth Texas was mustered out at San Antonio
from March 7 to lo, 1899; the First Texas Cavalry was mustered out at San Antonio on November
14, 1898; and the First U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out at Galveston on October 28,
1898, "Organization of Volunteers," Correspondence Relating to the War with Spain (United States Ad-
jutant General's Office, 1902), 619-620o, 626.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/329/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.