The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 358
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
agency to middle-class Mexican American women in Houston during
the 193os. According to P6rez, "diasporic subjectivity is the oppositional
and tranformative identity that allowed these women to weave through
the power of cultures, to infuse and be infused, to create and re-create
newness."" Today, Tejana history is not a topic to be omitted from any
colloquium or publication.
Useful also to historians in substantiating the premises that upheld
the study of Tejanos were some of the methodologies used in related
branches of research, among them: historical sociology, political sci-
ence, educational studies, and demography, to name a few.8 The most
famous early work to rely on analysis taken from historical sociology was
David Montejano's Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas (1987).
The Frederick Jackson Turner-award winner skillfully interwove history
and sociology to give Tejano history the most articulate description of
ethnic relations over a 15o-year period in South Texas. As Montejano
Sociological questions about ethnic relations and social change provided the broad
outlines for approaching the history; the particulars suggested certain insights and
clarified concepts and ideas about these questions; and these clarified concepts and
ideas in turn helped organize a "grounded" historical interpretation.29
While recognizing the presence of racial prejudice as a factor in the
subjugation of Tejanos, Montejano underscored class as the basis for
oppression. He argued that shifting socio-economic conditions in South
Texas produced class exploitation on the ranches of the post-1848 era,
the farms of the pre-World War II period, and more recently within the
industrial sector. Capitalist change and development, more so than race
prejudice, produced the long history of discrimination that suffocated
Tejano aspirations. Such views found succinct elaboration in Neil Foley's
powerful monograph titled The White Scourge, published in 1997. In his
book, Foley looked at poor white, African American and Mexican
American tenants/sharecroppers in Central Texas during the first
decades of the twentieth century and noted that landowners perceived
27 Emma P&rez, The Decolonzal Imaginary: Wrting Chicanas Into Hastory (Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, 1999), 81.
28 The hst of such publications is not extensive, but would include Evan Anders, Boss Rule in
South Texas: The Progressive Era (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982); Arnoldo De Le6n and
Kenneth L. Stewart, Tejanos and the Numbers Game: A Soczo-Hzstoncal Profile from the Federal Censuses,
z85o-z9oo (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1989); Daniel D. Arreola, Tejano
South Texas. A Mexican Amercan Cultural Province (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002); Mario
T. Garcia, Mexican Americans: Leadership, Ideology, and Identity, 193o-z96o (New Haven: Yale
University Press, 1989); and Guadalupe San MiguelJr., Brown Not White School Integration and the
Chicano Movement in Houston (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2001).
49 David Montejano, Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas (Austin: University of Texas
Press, 1987), 320.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/426/: accessed February 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.