The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 359
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2oo3 Whither Tejano History: Origins, Development, and Status
the three racial/ethnic groups as equally inferior, even to the extent of
identifying Anglo renters as "non-whites."10
Historians were not alone in the endeavor to tell the story of Texas
Mexicans, for scholars from ancillary fields also helped define Tejano
history by applying interpretive approaches specific to their area of
expertise. Particularly insightful have been those from the areas of polit-
ical science, literary criticism, folklore, musicology, and the arts.
Though the contribution by non-historians to Tejano history is hardly
a recent development, during the last few years there has occurred a
trend toward the coalescence of scholarship from across disciplines."1
The result has been the depiction of Tejanos as multi-dimensional per-
sonalities, in part because the disciplines outside history allow for
approaches historians generally shun. A fuller understanding of the
Tejano community, for instance, is made possible when researchers,
such as political scientists, apply certain theoretical frameworks, para-
digms, or interpretive models to their subjects.12 Companion disciplines
cover aspects of human life historians consider outside their scope.
Historians, for instance, rarely develop skills permitting them to gather
and interpret folklore, music, or drama. But folklorists, musicologists,
artists, and students of the theater have helped piece together a fuller
portrait of what it meant to be "Tejano."ss
Of equal significance to Tejano history has been the validation that
non-historians have given to the revisionist trend of the last thirty years.
SNell Foley, The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture
(Berkeley: University of Califorma Press, 1997).
" A select list of pubhcations predating the mid-198os might include Americo Paredes, A
Texas-Mexican Canczonero (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976); Foley, et al., From Peones to
Politicos; Pefia, The Texas Mexican Conjunto; and Jose Lim6n, "The Folk Performance of 'Chicano'
and the Cultural Limits of Political Ideology," m Richard Bauman and Roger D. Abrahams
(eds.), "And Other Neighborly Names": Social Process and Cultural Image in Texas Folklore (Austin:
University of Texas Press, 1981), 197-225. For an elaboration of the historiography outside
Texas, see Richard Griswold del Castillo, "History From the Margins: Chicana/o History m the
1990s," JSRI Occasional Paper No. 28 (Lansing: University of Michigan, 1998); and Ram6n A.
Gutierrez, "Chicano History Paradigm Shifts and Shifting Boundaries," in Rochin and Valdes
(eds.), Voices of a New Chzcana/o, 91-114.
42 Examples might be Benjamin Mirquez, LULAC: The Evolution of a Mexican Amencan Political
Organization (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993); Armando Navarro, The Cnstal Experiment:
A Chicano Struggle for Community Control (Madison. University of Wisconsin Press, 1998); and
Rodolfo Rosales, The Illusion of Inclusion: The Untold Politzcal Story of San Antonzo (Austin
University of Texas Press, 2000).
" Jose E. Lim6n, Dancing with the Devil. Society and Cultural Poetics in Mexican American South
Texas (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994); Manuel H. Pefia, Mtiszca Tejana" The
Cultural Economy of Artistic Transformation (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1999);
Manuel H. Pefia, The Mexican Amencan Orquesta Muszc, Culture, and the Dialectic of Conflzct (Austin:
University of Texas Press, 1999); Guadalupe San Miguel Jr., Tejano Proud: Tex-Mex Music in the
Twentieth Century (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2002); Elizabeth Cantu Ramirez,
Footlights Across the Border: A Hstory of Spanish-Language Professional Theatre on the Texas Stage (New
York Peter Lang, 1989); and Nicolis Kanellos, A Hzstory of Hspanic Theatre in the United States-
Origins to 1940 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990o).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/427/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.