The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003 Page: 426
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426 Southwestern Historical Quarterly January
The March 31, 1960, edition of the Shreveort Times printed a photo of students
leaving the Harrison County Courthouse in Marshall after they were arrested
when they gathered to protest the previous arrests of lunch counter sit-in
demonstrators. Shreveport Times Photo by Lloyd Stilley. Reprinted with permission of
the Shreveport Times.
combat unions and work strikes, Don Rives, second assistant district
attorney in Marshall at the time, explains that "back in those days every-
body was grasping at anything that was on the books. There weren't any
laws on the books to deal with this situation, so you had to reach as far as
you could so you could charge somebody with something, if in fact you
were going to.""
By 3:3o P.M., upon the cessation of classes, several additional
groups of protesters made their way to the three lunch counters. After
closing the cafes, local law enforcement officials arrested thirty-seven
more students and transported them to the county court, where
recently released demonstrators from the 12:3o group were quickly
corralled back inside. In the courtroom, students began reading Bible
passages, such as Psalm 27: "Of whom shall I be afraid," and Psalm
140: "Deliver me, O Lord, from evil men; preserve me from violent
men." Frustrated and nervous officers admonished the students to
read silently. In lieu of reading, then, the group began to sing an
amalgamation of patriotic and religious songs, including "God Bless
America" and "America the Beautiful."2
1 Charge of the Court, edt ion of t, Criminal Court file ofYvonne Tucker, Harrison County
Criminal Court Records (Harrison County Clerk's office, Marshall, Texas); Don Rives to Donald
SealsJr., Aug. and, 2oo, interview.
at Texas Observer, Apr. 8, in Marshall at the timNews Messenger, Mar. 3, in tho96; Dallas Morning News,
Mar. could, so you could charge somebody with something, if in fact you.
Mar. 31, igflo
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003, periodical, 2003; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/m1/494/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.