The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004 Page: 502
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Figure 1. On the state of the troops that garrison the frontier line of the nine interior
provinces of New Spain
N. 1 Quilted leather coat of seven buckskins N. 6 Pistols hanging fom saddle skirt hooks
N. 2 Saddle pommel and cantle N. 7 Shield
N. 3 Carbine N. 8 Boots and spurs
N. 4 Saddlebags for water and provisions N. 9 Wooden stirrups
N. 5 Lance N. 10 Cartridge box
dancia General de las Provincias Internas, which started out as an au-
tonomous, all-encompassing administrative unit that was to include all
the northern gobiernos from the Gulf of California to the Gulf of Mexico,
was too large to function any better than the viceroyalty in governing the
region. From the founding of the Provincias Internas in 1777 to the out-
break of the Mexican War of Independence in 181o, Madrid juggled and
rejuggled the makeup of the unwieldy administrative unit, splitting the ju-
risdiction in two only to recombine it and then split it again; putting it un-
der the authority of the viceroy then restoring its autonomy. The system
never really worked.2
Failure to impose political and administrative order on the northern
frontier was not for lack of trying. A copious volume of reports, proposals,
and recommendations issued forth from governors, commandant gener-
als, and field officers. Many of these efforts resulted from the specific in-
2 On the Pedro de Rivera inspection tour of 17241-1728 see Thomas H. Naylor and Charles W. Polzer,
S J. (comps. and eds.), Pedro de Rivera and the Militayl Regulations for Northern New Spain, 1724-1729: A Doc-
umentary Iistory oflHis Frontierlnspection and the Reglamento de 172() (Tucson: University ofArizona Press,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004, periodical, 2004; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101224/m1/580/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.