The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981 Page: 116
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
moreover, had their inception while the Apollo and Apollo-Soyuz
undertakings were still going on.
Together the volumes chronicle the two most spectacular ventures
thus far in manned space flight: the successful effort to land an Ameri-
can on the moon before the end of the 196o0s and the equally successful
joint U.S.-U.S.S.R. project to rendezvous an American and a Soviet
spacecraft in earth orbit and temporarily exchange crews. Chariots for
Apollo details the history of the moon program from the early feasi-
bility studies done while the one-man, earth-orbital Project Mercury
was still NASA's main concern, through the developmental phase in
the years following President John F. Kennedy's 1961 call for a manned
lunar landing in the 196os, on through the period of hesitation and re-
evaluation after three American astronauts died in a fire during space-
craft checkouts on the launch pad at the beginning of 1967, and then
to the first moonwalk two and a half years later. Although Brooks,
Grimwood, and Swenson focus on the conceptualization, manufacture,
testing, and flight build-up of the command lunar modules in the
Apollo spacecraft, they actually treat virtually all aspects of the moon
program through the mission that put Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin
E. Aldrin, Jr., on the moon's surface. Ezell and Ezell in The Partner-
ship manage to cover not only the American but also the previously
half-understood Soviet side of the cooperative linkup project, which
originated in the aftermath of Apollo 11, the first of six United States
lunar excursions, and culminated in the Apollo-Soyuz flight in July,
Apollo 11 was far and away the most publicized and doubtless the
most memorable event in the history of man's early explorations be-
yond his natural atmosphere. In some ways, though, Apollo-Soyuz,
carried out at a time of growing jadedness with the adventure and im-
patience with the cost of space flight, was even more difficult and
impressive. Overcoming differences of language, ideology, political or-
ganization, and technology necessitated the highest degree of Soviet-
American cooperation since the Second World War and considerably
greater interchange of information on hardware than had been true
under the wartime alliance.
Both Chariots for Apollo and The Partnership highlight the central
role of Houston and the JSC (originally the Manned Spacecraft Center)
in the execution of the United States' space efforts. The stories the two
teams of authors tell are massively researched, copiously illustrated,
and competently if not always gracefully written. They feature, more-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981, periodical, 1980/1981; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/m1/136/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.