The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981 Page: 450
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
is a fine example of her and the TAS's efforts. If the exhibit is already
scheduled for your area be sure to visit it; if not, see what you can
The gun that started the Texas Revolution will be exhibited at the
Star of the Republic Museum at Washington-on-the-Brazos from
March 1 through May 29. Small, stubby, and pitted, the 21-inch long
cannon provoked the first battle of the Texas Revolution, at Gonzales
in 1835. Called the "Come and Take It" cannon, the gun-lost for
144 years-was recently discovered and documented, and now is being
exhibited throughout the state. The opening of the cannon's visit
coincided with the Texas Independence Day Celebration held at the
Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historical Park, Sunday, March 1.
The cannon had first been given to the colonists at Gonzales by the
Mexican government in 1831 for defense against Indian attacks. When
the government saw that resentment against Mexico was growing in
Texas, officials foresaw possible trouble about the gun, so the Mexican
army was ordered to seize the small iron cannon.
When the Mexican troops arrived at the Guadalupe River on Octo-
ber 1, 1835, and formally demanded the cannon, the alcalde, backed
by a force of 16o men-residents of Gonzales and neighboring colo-
nists-replied, "I cannot, nor do I desire to deliver up the cannon ...
and only through force will we yield." The Texans mounted the gun
on ox-cart wheels and gathered chains and scrap-iron for ammunition.
Two women turned a wedding dress into a white battle flag. Painted
on the flag were a small black cannon, a lone star, and the words,
"Come and Take It."
On the morning of October 2, 1835, the Texans and the Mexican
troops faced each other on the banks of the Guadalupe. The cannon
was fired; there was a brief skirmish, the outnumbered Mexicans fled
toward San Antonio. The first battle of the Texas Revolution was over.
The volunteer Texas army undertook to follow the Mexicans.
Mounting the cannon on a wood carriage pulled by oxen, they set out.
The troop was slowed by the pace of the oxen, and when the wooden
carriage axles began to smoke, the cannon was abandoned. It was
buried in a creek bank near Gonzales.
There, apparently, it rested for ioo years. In late June, 1936, flood-
waters washed a small iron cannon out of the west bank of Sandies
Creek near Gonzales. The weapon, unrecognized, was stored in the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981, periodical, 1980/1981; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/m1/510/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.